Latest U.S., U.K., & Down Under lab stats
From ANIMAL PEOPLE, December 2005:
Current lab animal use statistics from the U.S., Britain,
Australia, and New Zealand show mixed trends. The total numbers of
animals involved in experiments are up over the past decade, yet
remain well below the reported peaks, and the numbers of animals
used per experiment are still trending down.
The most recent U.S. figures:
Animal Top yr Peak total 2004
Dogs 1979 211,104 64,932
Cats 1974 74,259 23,640
Monkeys & apes 1987 61,392 54,998
Guinea pigs 1985 598,903 244,104
Hamsters 1976 503,590 175,721
Rabbits 1987 554,385 261,573
Farm animals 1991 214,759 105,678
Other tracked 1992 529,308 171,312
All tracked 1985 2,153,787 1,101,958
The USDA does not collect statistics on the use of rats,
mice, and birds, who are believed to be more than 95% of all the
animals used in U.S. labs.
U.S. use of cats and nonhuman primates has risen slightly since 2001.
British labs used 2.8 million animals in 2004, according to the Home
Office, of whom 32% were genetically modified. Animal use increased
2.1% from 2003, but is still barely half of what it was circa 1975.
British use of nonhuman primates dropped 12% in 2004, to 4,208.
Australian labs used 3,916,139 animals in 2003, including 1,279,513
animals of species tracked by the USDA, along with 442,959 mice,
79,032 rats, and 447,426 birds. The balance were fish, amphibians,
and other aquatic species not tracked in the U.S. Most of these were
used in ecotoxicity research.
New Zealand labs used 246,122 animals in 2004, among them
93,550 rodents and rabbits, 9,611 birds, 12,365 fish, 106,615
sheep, cattle, and goats, and 5,225 “other domestic animals,”
e.g. dogs and cats.