WHO GETS THE MONEY? –– NINTH ANNUAL EDITION

From ANIMAL PEOPLE, December 1998:

This is our ninth annual report on the budgets, assets,
and salaries paid by the major U.S. animal-related charities,
listed on the following pages, together with a handful of local
activist groups and humane societies, and some prominent
organizations abroad, whose data we offer for comparative
purposes. Statistics from foreign organizations are stated in
U.S. dollars, at 1997 average exchange rates.
Most charities are identified in the second column by
apparent focus: A for advocacy, C for conservation of habitat
via acquisition, E for education, H for support of hunting
(either for “wildlife management” or recreation), L for litigation,
N for neutering, P for publication, R for animal rights, S
for shelter/sanctuary maintenance, V for focus on vivisection
issues, and W for animal welfare. The R and W designations
are used only if a group makes a point of being one or the other.


Charities of unique purpose may not have a designation letter.
While many groups are involved in multiple activities,
space limits us to providing only three identifying letters.
Except where otherwise stated, the financial data
comes from current Internal Revenue Service Form 990 filings,
covering either calendar year or fiscal year 1997.
To put these numbers in context, consider that the
National Charities Information Bureau requires approved charities
to spend at least 60% of their budgets on programs, not
including direct mail associated with fundraising. This standard
is stricter––and more indicative of priorities––than the IRS
rules, which allow charities to write off some direct mail costs
as program service under the heading of “public education.”
Thus the figures that charities declare and the figures
as amended in accordance with NCIB guidelines often differ.
T h e % column states each charity’s overhead and fundraising
costs as declared to the IRS. The ADJ column states those
costs as they appear to be under NCIB guidelines, which we
apply in simplified form, asking of any mailing, “Would this
have been sent if postal rules forbade the inclusion of a donor
card and a return envelope?” If the answer is no, the mailing
should properly be considered “fundraising,” not “program.”
Differences between the declared and adjusted balance
between program and fundraising/overhead spending
appear in boldface. For certain smaller charities, which use
Form 990-EZ instead of the longer Form 990, we cannot accurately
separate program expenses and overhead. However,
since such charities rarely have paid staff or do much fundraising,
one can presume a heavy tilt toward program service.
Groups which collect interest on large endowments
tend to have less overhead because they are not obliged to
spend as much on fundraising.
Shelters, sanctuaries, and some activist groups
which rely heavily on volunteer labor and donated supplies by
contrast tend to have “high” overhead because much of their
program activity doesn’t show up in strict cash accounting.
The practice of ascribing direct mailings to program
service instead of fundraising reflects the common but erroneous
belief that the best-run organizations have the lowest
fundraising and other overhead costs relative to program service.
But calling direct mail appeals “program service” in the
name of humane education has devalued the very concept of
humane education to the point that fundraising for genuine
humane education and outreach has become a very hard sell.
The seventh through ninth columns provide data on
assets. Italics indicate a deficit. Note that shelters and sanctuaries
tend to have more fixed assets (property and equipment)
due to the nature of their work. Do not expect total assets to
match the sum of fixed assets plus cash and securities. These
are the major asset categories, but the totals include others such
as inventory, and may also be reduced by liabilities.
The NCIB also suggests that, “Usually, the organization’s
net assets available for the following fiscal year should
not be more than twice the higher of the current year’s expenses
or the next year’s budget.” However, not all cash and securities
are actually available; many older organizations derive half or
more of their income from interest.

BUDGETS, PROGRAMS, OVERHEAD AND ASSETS – 110 charities 

ORGANIZATION TYPE BUDGET PROGRAMS OVERHEAD % _ ADJ ASSETS ___ FIXED CASH/SECUR.
N OT E
African Wildlife Foundation AEH $ 4,914,846 $ 3,931,017 $ 983,829 20% 27% $ 4,005,034 $ 184,975 $ 3,438,824
Alley Cat Allies AE $ Did not respo nd to requests for IRS Form 990 issued on 8/2 5/9 8 and 11/1 9/9 8. G
Alliance of Marine Mammal Parks AE $ 179,729 $ 130,804 $ 48,925 27% 27% $ 106,721 $ none $ 106,531
Amer. Anti-Vivisection Society AEV $ 1,049,252 $ 975,696 $ 73,556 7% 7% $ 9,815,035 $ 51,164 $ 445,423 A
American Humane Association AEW $ 7,638,413 $ 6,119,307 $ 1,519,106 20% 20% $ 9,529,941 $ 2,349,420 $ 3,489,482 B
American SPCA AES $ 21,385,845 $ 15,802,597 $ 5,583,248 26% 4 1% $ 46,091,282 $ 1,352,801 $ 18,554,244
American Zoo Association AE $ 2,705,299 $ 2,262,574 $ 442,725 16% 16% $ 5,262,742 $ 701,287 $ 4,901,423
Animal Alliance of Canada AE $ Revenue Canada, 3 /32/98: “Animal Alliance of C anada is not a recognized c harity. C
Animal Legal Defense Fund AL $ 2,057,836 $ 1,408,792 $ 649,044 32% 62% $ 722,771 $ 34,693 $ 452,135
ANIMAL PEOP LE P $ 148,951 $ 122,742 $ 26,209 21% 21% $ 19,749 $ 20,120 $ none
Animal Protection Institute AE $ 1,319,647 $ 1,054,281 $ 265,366 20% 3 0% % 1,113,145 $ 283,965 $ 1,027,297
Animal Protection of New Mexico AES $ 166,202 $ 146,257 $ 19,944 12% 2 7% $ (Full data was unavailable.) D
Animal Refuge Foundation S $ 67,704 $ 66,325 $ 1,380 2% 2% $ 83,329 $ 25,500 $ 57,828 E
Animal Rescue League of Boston S $ 5,173,171 $ 3,261,776 $ 1,911,395 37% 37% $ 83,644,740 $ 3,210,575 $ 79,842,314 F
Animal Rights International AER $ 162,026 $ 153,942 $ 8,084 5% 5% $ 176,252 $ 2,957 $ 173,295
Animal Rights Network/Animals’ Agenda Did not respond to reques ts for IRS Form 990 i ssued on 8/25/98 and 11/19/98. G
Animal Welfare Institute AEW $ 733,922 $ 619,909 $ 114,013 16% 16% $ 817,550 $ 38,140 $ 774,848
Ark Trust AE $ 910,130 $ 801,891 $ 108,239 12% 12% $ 1,076,389 $ 4,763 $ 1,035,504 H
Auburn Area Anml Rescue Fndtn. S $ 25,069 $ 21,183 $ 3,886 15% 15% $ (Full data was unavailable.) D
Associated Humane Societies S $ 4,426,404 $ 2,687,116 $ 1,739,288 39% 39% $ 13,044,503 $ 1,119,702 $ 10,757,842
Assn. of Vets for Animal Rights AES $ 140,029 $ 103,248 $ 36,781 26% 26% $ 121,313 $ none $ 125,142
Best Friends Animal Sanctuary SP $ 4,566,049 $ 3,701,435 $ 864,614 19% 34% $ 4,355,732 $ 3,491,274 $ 512,096 I
Brian Davies Foundation $ 51,371 $ none $ 51,371 100% 100% $ 9,131,930 $ 40 $ 9,125,635 J
Chicago Animal Rights Coalition AR $ 64,471 $ 42,077 $ 22,394 35% 19% $ 8,811 $ 21,839 $ 7,422
Compassionate Crusaders Trust AES $ 31,206 $ 27,848 $ 961 4% 4% $ 45,865 $ 41,922 $ 3,943 K
Concern for Helping Animals/Israel $ 123,364 $ 105,804 $ 17,555 14% 14% $ 56,148 $ none $ 56,148
Defenders of Wildlife AEH $ Did not respond to requests for IRS Form 990 i ssued on 8/25/98 and 11/19/98. G
DELTA Rescue S $ 3,529,471 $ 3,180,652 $ 348,819 11% 18% $ 5,118,031 $ 3,179,112 $ 1,993,431
Doing Things For Animals AE $ 20,856 $ 14,369 $ 6,487 31% 31% $ 2,359 $ none $ 2,359 A
Doris Day Animal League AER $ Di d not respond to requests for IRS Form 990 issued on 8 /25 /98 and 12 /1/9 8. G
Earth Island Institute AE $ 3,192,860 $ 2,779,009 $ 413,851 13% 14% $ 2,834,550 $ 64,269 $ 1,511,723 L
EarthJustice L $ 12,476,787 $ 9,371,549 $ 3,105,238 25% 35% $ 10,541,801 $ 1,416,779 $ 1,208,469 M
Environmental Defense Fund AE $ 23,556,155 $ 18,325,247 $ 5,230,908 22% unk. (Full data was unavailable.) N
Equus Rescue & Sanctuary S $ 254,735 $ 235,552 $ 19,203 8% 15% $ 8,325 $ none $ 4,815 O
Farm Animal Reform Movement AER $ 198,058 $ 186,447 $ 11,611 6% 1 0% $ 137,163 $ none $ 137,163
Farm Sanctuary AES $ 1,120,586 $ 919,906 $ 200,680 18% 35% $ 1,769,969 $ 1,229,362 $ 458,127
Food Animal Concerns Trust AE $ 394,566 $ 242,971 $ 151,595 38% 38% $ 1,744,268 $ 5,737 $ 1,443,717 P
Fndtn. for Animal Protection N $ 78,317 $ 76,924 $ 813 10% 10% $ (Full data was unavailable.) D
Friends of Animals AER $ 5,082,387 $ 4,511,909 $ 570,478 11% 26% $ 5,036,193 $ 163,784 $ 3,521,365
Fund for Animals AES $ 4,330,084 $ 3,275,610 $ 1,054,474 24% 3 3% $ 14,406,517 $ 1,750,651 $ 12,558,794
Georgia Equine Rescue League $ IRS advised 11/6/98 t hat it h as no filing from the Georgia Equine Rescue League. G
Global Communic. for Conserv. AES $ 281,567 $ 266,466 $ 15,101 15% 15% $ 768 $ none $ 108,321 Q
Gorilla Foundation AES $ 1,111,854 $ 743,241 $ 368,613 33% 33% $ 2,525,210 $ 707,515 $ 1,808,127
Grateful Acres Animal Sanctuary S $ 3,444 $ 3,189 $ 255 7% 7% $ (Full data was unavailable.) D
Greenpeace AE $ 17,933,818 $ 13,733,479 $ 4,200,339 23% 62 % $ 6,361,575 $ 343,285 $ 323,675
Greyhound Welfare Foundation AES $ 118,497 $ 64,800 $ 43,452 37% 37% $ 26,852 $ none $ 13,504
Haven of the Heart S $ 98,959 $ 84,658 $ 14,300 15% 15% $ 70,847 $ 30,318 $ 40,529
Holiday Humane Society S $ 315,995 $ 274,305 $ 41,690 13% 13% $ 12,665,811 $ 737,443 $ 13,051,213
Humane Farming Association AES $ 1,100,593 $ 941,168 $ 159,425 15% 25% $ 4,147,120 $ 2,382,429 $ 1,766,898
Humane Society of the U.S. AEW $ 39,492,711 $ 23,782,084 $12,205,714 31% 44% $ 66,550,666 $ 9,929,877 $ 60,080,313
In Defense of Animals AER $ 1,613,605 $ 1,316,146 $ 297,459 18% 4 3% $ 383,368 $ 35,600 $ 245,407
Indianapolis Humane Society S $ 1,191,579 $ 768,032 $ 423,547 36% 36% $ 7,836,863 $ 1,956,793 $ 5,968,217
Intl. Fund for Animal Welfare AE $ 10,781,548 $ 7,405,080 $ 3,376,468 31% 45% $ 1,580,316 $ 2,016,228 $ 132,395 J
IFAW (USA Inc.) AE $ 1,835,613 $ 0 $ 1,835,613 100% 100% $ 106,201 $ none $ 505,467 J
Intl. Primate Protection Lg. AES $ 483,385 $ 376,492 $ 106,893 22% 22% $ 668,261 $ 231,187 $ 342,774
Intl. Soc. for Animal Rights AE $ 379,226 $ 254,073 $ 125,153 33% 4 2% $ 1,441,034 $ 158,361 $ 919,962
Intl. Soc. Prtn. Mustangs, Burros $ 105,584 $ 73,750 $ 31,834 30% 30% $ 29,932 $ 9,078 $ 6,861
Intl. Wildlife Coalition AE $ 1,600,471 $ 1,389,680 $ 210,791 13% 28% $ 92,848 $ 594,962 $ 144,052 R
Jane Goodall Institute ES $ 1,869,910 $ 1,515,278 $ 354,632 19% 19% $ 1,550,142 $ 55,640 $ 1,272,405
Last Chance for Animals AER $ 554,485 $ 249,649 $ 304,836 55% 55% $ 73,284 $ 18,428 $ 1,669 S
Life Foundation S $ The IRS located a taxpayer ID number, 95-3831166, but not a current or rece nt Form 990.
Living Free S $ 1,390,358 $ 901,184 $ 489,174 35% 35% $ 3,934,364 $ 2,349,000 $ 1,560,626 T
Lupine Awareness AE $ 3,067 $ 2,524 $ 543 18% 18% $ (Full data was unavailable.) D
Maine Wolf Coalition AE $ 8,727 $ 6,975 $ 1,752 20% 20% $ (Full data was unavailable.) D
Massachusetts SPCA AES $ 27,044,146 $ 22,319,246 $ 4,724,900 18% 18% $ 74,823,887 $ 16,700,958 $ 65,294,964
Mississauga SPCA (Canada) S $ Revenue Canada, 3/32/98: “Mississauga SPCA is not a recognized charity.” C
National Animal Control Assn. AE $ 154,487 $ (Full data was unavailable.) $ 137,763 $ 57,705 $ 79,522 D
Natl. Anti-Vivisection Society V $ 1,646,743 $ 1,138,047 $ 508,696 31% 4 1% $ 5,602,644 $ 11,378 $ 5,549,092 U
National Audubon Society AE $ 48,189,252 $ 40,122,521 $ 8,066,731 17% unk. (Did not provide full data on request.) N G
National Canine Defense League S $ 19,913,000 $ 15,771,560 $ 4,141,180 21% 21% $ (Full data was unavailable.) DV
Natl. Humane Education Society S $ 9,894,977 $ 6,037,864 $ 3,857,113 39% 76 % $ 2,226,756 $ 1,565,195 $ 1,247,545
National Wildlife Federation AEH $ 78,644,022 $ 63,164,827 $15,471,909 20% 24% $ 23,512,906 $ 14,024,957 $ 18,838,220
Natural Resources Defense Cncil AEH $ 26,682,492 $ 21,046,175 $ 5,636,317 21% unk. (Did not provide full data on request .) NG
The Nature Conservancy CH $240,973,663 $181,055,496 $59,918,167 25% 25% $1,484,494,203 $798,761,817 $896,986,965
New England Anti-Viv. Soc. AEV $ Di d not respond to requests for IRS Form 990 issued on 8 /25 /98 and 11 /19 /98. G
N.Y. for Companion Animals S $ 27,268 $ 24,904 $ 2,364 9% 9% $ (Full data was unavailable.) D
N. Peel & Dist. HS (Canada) S $ 38,088 $ 20,053 $ 18,035 38% 38% $ 189,894 $ 754 $ 48,341
North Shore Animal League S $ 28,242,206 $ 19,505,575 $ 8,736,631 31% 31% $ 54,297,129 $ 12,523,419 $ 35,731,103 W
Ocean Mammal Institute $ 60,344 $ 55,884 $ 4,460 7% 12% $ 27,191 $ none $ 23,891 X
Ontario SPCA (Canada) S $ 3,840,976 $ 1,974,870 $ 1,866,107 49% 49% $ 4,838,865 $ 2,475,232 $ 1,951,531
Owens Fndtn. for Wildlife Cons. $ 461,846 $ 386,355 $ 75,491 16% 16% $ 1,503,063 $ 99,963 $ 1,345,560
PETA AER $ 10,681,269 $ 8,651,885 $ 2,029,384 19% 24% $ 7,007,795 $ 2,935,722 $ 4,208,063
The Peregrine Foundation AES $ 4,185,855 $ 3,921,234 $ 264,621 6% 6% $ 16,118,966 $ 7,233,338 $ 4,952,715 Y
Performing Animal Welfare Socty AES $ 1,013,604 $ 852,527 $ 161,077 16% 37% $ 991,969 $ 1,344,119 $ 333,425

Pet Savers Foundation S $ 3,007,276 $ 2,388,876 $ 618,400 21% 21% $ 2,537,735 $ 14,141 $ 2,686,101 W
Phys. Comm. for Resp. Medicine AE $ 1,712,875 $ 1,448,924 $ 263,951 15% 21% $ 316,501 $ 84,205 $ 233,612
P.I.G.S., A Sanctuary S $ 141,287 $ 116,766 $ 24,521 17% 17% $ 26,537 $ none $ 26,537
Predator Project AE $ 213,275 $ 145,027 $ 68,248 32% 32% $ (Full data was unavailable.) D
Primarily Primates S $ 520,631 $ 414,429 $ 106,202 20% 20% $ 811,165 $ 554,575 $ 118,641
Progressive Animal Welfare Scty S $ 1,738,922 $ 1,304,192 $ 434,731 25% 25% $ (Full data was unavailable.) D
San Francisco SPCA S $ 7,318,369 $ 6,570,874 $ 747,495 10% 10% $ 42,317,585 $ 13,621,744 $ 29,763,837
Second Chance Pet Adoption (NC) S $ 81,851 $ 67,581 $ 14,270 17% 17% $ 21,893 $ 10,000 $ 11,893
Sea Shepherd Conservation Socty AE $ On extension; did not expect to file for fiscal 1997 until early 1999.
Sierra Club AE $ 45,699,757 $ 38,621,330 $ 7,078,427 16% 41% $ 17,717,360 $ 4,596,699 $ 20,860,736
Soc. of Environmental Journalists $ 366,000 $ 281,820 $ 84,180 23% 23% $ 120,568 $ (Data was unavailable.) D
SPA de Lyon et du Sud Est (Fr.) AES $ 3,220,262 $ 2,462,405 $ 762,857 24% 24% $ (Full data was unavailable.) D Z
SPCA of Texas S $ 3,321,780 $ 1,860,197 $ 1,461,583 44% 44% $ (Full data was unavailable.) D
SUPRESS/The Nature of Wellness AEV $ 821,445 $ 707,386 $ 114,059 14% 14% $ 647,410 $ 16,865 $ 599,915
Toronto Humane Society S $ 4,478,500 $ 2,771,509 $ 1,706,992 38% 38% $ 5,277,108 $ 2,808,656 $ 2,278,634
Trust for Public Land C $ 37,417,571 $ 32,637,725 $ 4,779,846 13% unk. (Full data was unavailable.) N
United Animal Nations AE $ 714,753 $ 572,704 $ 142,049 20% 20% $ 263,780 $ 24,542 $ 250,156
United Poultry Concerns AE $ 66,067 $ 53,426 $ 12,641 19% 19% $ 74,051 $ 2,103 $ 69,867
WARDS Inc. AE $ 254,276 $ 155,217 $ 99,059 39% 39% $ 895,271 $ 9,997 $ 633,465
Wild Burro Rescue AS $ 54,327 $ 50,980 $ 3,347 6% 6% $ 98,950 $ 41,741 $ 57,209
Wildlife Conservation Society AES $ 80,660,681 $ 69,528,591 $11,132,090 14% 14% $ 273,213,858 $103,589,993 $158,902,434 a
Wildlife Waystation S $ 1,958,997 $ 1,342,950 $ 616,047 32% 32% % 1,400,841 $ 1,309,642 $ 118,613
World Soc. for Prot. of Animals AES $ 7,393,245 $ 5,231,558 $ 2,161,687 29% 29% $ 4,254,393 $ 364,558 $ 3,283,016
World Wildlife Fund AEH $ 79,979,575 $ 69,610,781 $10,368,794 13% 2 0% $ 114,358,461 $ 2,690,358 $ 94,633,369 b

NOTES
A – The American
Anti-Vivisection
Society, founded in
1883, received only
7% of its 1997
income from membership
dues and
public donations.
35% came from
bequests, legacies,
and trusts, and 57%
from investments.
B – The American
Humane Assn. spent
$3,395,328 on animal
protection programs
in 1997, and
spent $2,723,979 on
child protection programs.
Founded in
1876, AHA has had
separate animal and
child protection divisions
since 1878.
C – Many Canadian
animal advocacy
organizations which
would qualify for
charitable status in
the U.S. are denied
status in Canada due
to their opposition to
hunting, trapping,
sealing, and animal
use in laboratories.
D – Data is from balance
sheet, either
provided to membership
or on request.
E – The Animal
Refuge Foundation
had no salaried
administrative staff
and did no direct
mailing in 1997.
F – The Animal
Rescue League h a d
revenue of $19.2
million in 1997. Of
the assets, $20.1
million were in
restricted funds. In
early 1997, the
Boston PatriotLedger
disclosed that
a house and 69 acres
bought in 1994 as
intended site of an
animal shelter––with
funds from a 1986
bequest––had been
used as home of the
ARL education director.
The site was
described by ARL
as a wildlife refuge,
yet was not posted
against hunting until
1997, wrote Dorothy
Checci O’Brien, a
longtime humane
activist and critic of
Boston-area humane
societies’ dealings.
G – Refused or did
not respond to direct
request for current
Form 990.
H – The Ark Trust
had a 1997 operating
deficit of $271,508.
I – See article re Best
Friends, page 14.
J – The Brian
Davies Foundation
manages investments
for the five U.S.-
based affiliates of the

International Fund
for Animal Welfare.
IFAW, internationally,
consists of 16
related organizations
in all, each with a
specialized function.
Cumu-latively, the
three U.S.-based
IFAW affiliates for
which we have 1997
data spent 42% of
their budgets on
fundraising and overhead
by their own
assessment, and 62%
according to the
adjustment based on
the NCIB standards
that we apply to all
listed organizations.
However, we did not
receive Form 990
from the I F A W
Animal Action Committee,
a lobbying
arm, nor from the
IFAW Holding Co.,
which keeps the
IFAW aircraft. Their
data might tip the balance
back toward program
service.
K – Compassionate
Crusaders Trust i s
located at 1/13A,
Olai Chandi Road,
Calcutta 37, India.
L – Earth Island
I n s t i t u t e in 1997
received $2,958,588
via foundation grants..
M – EarthJustice
was known until
August 1, 1997 as the
Sierra Club Legal

Defense Fund. I t
separated from the
Sierra Club in 1970.
N – Data is as reported
in the 11/5/98 edition
of The Chronicle of
Philanthropy.
O – Equus Rescue &
S a n c t u a r y claimed to
have sheltered 180
horses throughout
1997, and to have
added 36 more during
the year, for a total of
216. The stated horse
care expeditures were
$102,721 for feed,
$12,660 for veterinary
care, and $5,781 for
farrier service––or
$475 per horse for
feed, amounting to
$1.30 per day, less
than half the per day
cost of feed at other
nearby horse sanctuaries;
$58.61 per horse
for vet care; and
$26.76 per horse for
farrier care, which
might cover one hooftrimming
per horse
during the year. “Her
horses are in bad
shape,” Leo Grillo of
DELTA Rescue
charged in a fax to
ANIMAL PEOPLE
on Nov. 5, 1998.
Grillo in 1995 helped
Equus avoid imminent
bankruptcy, but severed
his involvement
less than two months
later, he reported in a
1997 mass mailing,
saying Equus founder
Linda Moss h a d
neglected veterinary
care and plagiarized
fundraising materials.
Intl. Generic Horse
A s s n . / H o r s e A i d

founder Enzo Giobbe
has also accused Moss
of plagiarism.
P – F A C T w h o l l y
owns Nest Eggs Inc.,
a for-profit firm which
markets eggs from socalled
free-range hens.
Q – Global Communications
for Conserv
a t i o n declared a debt
of $350,084 to GCC
president Laura Utley,
under the heading
“Loans from officers,
directors, and key
employees,” along
with debts of $244,650
to Bentley Blum,
$75,008 to the B e r k –
shire Coal Corp., and
$2,000 to K r a f t
Capital Corp.
R – The International
Wildlife Coalition, as
part of program service,
granted $71,184
to the Animal Alliance
of Canada.
S – Last Chance For
A n i m a l s’ executive
director Eric Mindel
wrote on November
20, 1998, that at the
close of the LCA fiscal
year ending in 1998,
“It looks as if we’ll
come in at, according
to our unaudited figures,
70% program
and 22% combined
cost of administration
and fundraising. Income
increased significantly.
The biggest
impact on lowering
fundraising was that
we did not renew a
direct mail consulting
contract. Overhead
expense was also driven
down by more
efficient use of volunteers,
reorganization
of employee duties,
and pursuit of more inkind
donations to
cover costs that would
have been overhead.”
T – Living Free f i l e d
as a private foundation,
i.e. a charitable
trust which does not
raise funds from the
public. In June 1998,
president S u n d e r l a n d
Everstill i n s t i t u t e d
“budget cuts in all
areas,” because, he
said, expenses were
threatening to erode
the $3 million endowment
left by founder
Emily Jo Beard, who
died in 1989.
U – The National
A n t i – V i v i s e c t i o n
Society appears to be
the only organization
whose financial statements
we examined
this year which paid
board members not
otherwise employed by
the organization a uniform
stipend for board
service: $2,000 each
in 1997. The National
Charities Information
Bureau and
Philanthropic
Advisory Service of
the Council of Better

Business Bureaus view such stipends as
presenting a conflict of interest. Many
charities do reimburse board members
for specific expenses incurred on board
business––usually traveling long distances
to attend board meetings. NAVS is
located in Chicago. Only two of the
seven NAVS board members live outside
the Chicago area.
V – The National Canine Defence League
is based in London, England.
W – Pet Savers is a subsidiary of the
North Shore Animal League.
X – The Ocean Mammal Institute realized
$47,538 in program service revenue
during 1997, principally by recruiting
volunteers who pay to participate in
research directed by OMI president
Marsha Green. Green’s use of her
National Marine Fisheries Serviceissued
research permit as basis for activity
promoted, in effect, as eco-tourism
has been questioned, as ANIMAL PEOP
L E detailed in “Licensed to kill,”
cover, September 1997. Of most concern
to NMFS was an incident in which
artist Robert Wyland allegedly harrassed
a humpback whale and her calf while
working under Green’s permit.
Y – The Peregrine Fund received U.S.
government grants of $2,077,086 in
1997, to fund endangered species recovery
work. Contrary to federal disclosure
law, the Peregrine Fund did not publish
executive and board compensation data.
Z – The Societe Protectrice des
Animaux de Lyon et du Sud-Est i s
located in Lyon, France.
a – The Wildlife Conservation Society
program budget included expenditures of
$37.6 million to operate the Bronx Zoo;
$10.5 million to operate the New York
Aquarium; $11.1 million to operate the
Central Park, Queens, and Prospect Park
Wildlife Centers; $8.6 million for international
conservation and research programs;
and $1.7 million for publication
of Wildlife Conservation magazine.
b – The World Wildlife Fund d u r i n g
1997 received $16,230,524 from the U.S.
Agency for International Development,
an arm of the U.S. government.

14 SELECTED OPPOSITION ORGANIZATIONS

American Greyhound Council AE $ 300,720 $ 280,269 $ 20,451 7% 7% $ 150,395 $ none $ 55,826 c
American Greyhound Track Operators $ 546,775 $ 480,808 $ 65,967 12% 12% $ 394,986 $ 3,443 $ 502,368 c
Americans for Medical Progress AE $ 516,749 $ 347,593 $ 169,156 33% 33% $ 218,710 $ 31,913 $ 165,373
Animal Industry Foundation AE $ 196,533 $ 130,914 $ 65,619 33% 4 2% $ 192,648 $ 4,724 $ 199,056 d
Ducks Unlimited CH $ 86,928,885 $ 68,516,117 $ 18,412,768 21% 21% (Did not provide full data on request.) N
Fndtn. for Biomed. Research AE $ 815,187 $ 665,727 $ 149,460 8% 8% $ 7,452,146 $ 14,694 $ 7,447,592
Natl. Assn. for Biomed. Resrch. AE $ 738,162 $ 658,433 $ 79,729 11% 11% $ 3,190,330 $ 19,235 $ 3,208,723
Natl. Fish & Wildlife Foundation AEH $ 43,462,432 $ 42,442,501 $ 1,018,931 2% unk. (Did not provide full data on request.) N
National Greyhound Association AE $ 2,788,431 $ 1,868,221 $ 916,845 33% 33% $ 893,366 $ none $ 540,655 c
National Rifle Association AEH $124,718,597 $ 97,766,594 $ 26,952,003 22% 45% $ 46,504,743 $ 49,614,789 $56,543,035
National Trappers Association H $ 655,031 $ 678,336 $ 78,244 12% 12% $ 353,701 $ 24,976 $ 290,619
Putting People First AE (“PPF did not file a Form 990 for 1997,” atty. Bill Wewer’s office advised on 11/30/98.)
Wildlife Conserv. Fund of Amer. H $ (IRS as of October 5, 1998, had no filings for fiscal year ending in 1997.)
Wildlife Legis. Fund of America H $ (IRS as of October 5, 1998, had no filings for fiscal year ending in 1997.)

INDIVIDUAL COMPENSATION (EXECUTIVES, DIRECTORS, TOP-PAID STAFF AND CONSULTANTS)

The Pay column below combines salaries,
benefit plan contributions for those whose organizations
have a benefit plan, and expense accounts for the relative
handful of individuals who are not required to itemize
expenses. Individual independent contractors such
as attorneys, accountants, and consultants are listed as
well as directors and regular staffers.
The IRS no longes requires disclosure of nonboard
compensation of under $50,000.
Five sets of salary norms appear in boldface.
Norms identified as SAWA come from the Society of
Animal Welfare Administrators annual survey of
Salary and Personnel Practices. Since SAWA does not
see fit to share the findings, we are obliged to use
leaked and therefore possibly incomplete data. Norms
identified as C&L come from the Coopers & Lybrand
publication Compensation in Not-for-Profit
Organizations. Norms identified as AL&A come from
a survey of 1,377 nonprofit organizations conducted by
Abbott, Langer & Associates, as summarized in the
September 6, 1994 edition of The Chronicle of
Philanthropy, adjusted for 3% annual inflation. Norms
identified as TP come from a Towers Perrin survey of
380 U.S. charities, as summarized in the September 19,
1996 edition of the Chronicle of Philanthropy. Norms
identified as C H R N were determined within 1997 or
1998 by The Chronicle of Philanthropy itself.
Volunteer organization heads and other
unpaid senior staff are listed only if working in that
capacity full-time or nearly full-time.

Individual Position Group Pay Note 

JOHN A. HOYT PresEmeritus HSUS $342,986
VICTOR SHER Pres EarthJustice $333,518 1
WILLIAM CONWAY Pres WldlfConsSoc $303,700
MARK VAN PUTTEN President NWF $300,244 2
JOHN STEVENSON Pres NorthShore $296,057
BRIAN D. DAVIES CEO IFAW $260,123
FREDERIC KRUPP ExecDir EnvDefFnd $256,373
KATHRYN FULLER President WWF $241,188
JOHN H. ADAMS ExecDir NRDC $240,643
PAUL IRWIN President HSUS $239,204
Paige MacDonald Treasurer NWF $231,951 3
ROGER CARAS Pres/CEO ASPCA $221,041
JOHN FLICKER President NatAudubon $217,952
M ALE CEO, 230 top chari ties CHRN
$ 216,05 5
GUS THORNTON President MSPCA $213,331 4
CEO, budg e t <$25 mil lion AL& A
$ 213,03 1
John McKew AsstSecty WldlfConsSoc $207,900
CEO, 137 biggest c harities CHRN
$ 199,788
Richard Lattis VP WldlfConsSoc $199,600
CEO, budg e t <$10 mil lion C&L
$ 198,20 0
Jennifer Herring VP WldlfConsSoc $197,900
JOHN SAWHILL President NatureCons $196,210
William Howard PastPres NWF $195,781
Louis Garibaldi AqDr WldlfConsSoc $192,200
John Hoare Compt WldlfConsSoc $185,500
SUNDERLAND EVERSTILL Pres LivFree $177,918
MARTIN J. ROSEN Pres TrstPubLand $176,653
Marcia Arnoff DeptyDir EnvDefFnd $175,966
FEMALE CEO, 230 top chrt ies CHRN
$ 175,12 0
James Leape SrVP WWF $175,044
CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER TP
$ 174,00 0
Deborah Hechinger SrVP WWF $171,027
Richard Avanzino Pres SF/SPCA $167,136 5
Arthur Anderson Acct/Audit NWF $166,770
John Robinson VP WldlfConsSoc $164,800
James Leape SeniorVP WWF $164,358
James Cunningham SrVP NatAudubon $161,680
Joel Thomas PastSec NWF $155,484
CEO, budg e t $10-25 millio n AL& A
$155,250
R. MICHAEL WRIGHT Pres AfricWild $149,600
William Weeks EconDev NatureCons $148,071
Deborah Sorondo AsstSecty Sierra $148,065
SYDNEY BUTLER ExecDir AZA $147,120
Bruce R. Runnels VP NatureCons $144,607
Patricia Forkan ExecVP HSUS $142,084
Steven J. McCormick VP NatureCons $141,077
Dennis Baker VPbus WldlfConsSoc $140,700
G. Thomas Waite III CFO HSUS $139,741
Michael J. Coda VP NatureCons $139,521
Robert Strom EditorinChief NWF $139,281
Peter Theran VP-Vet MSPCA $138,075
William J. Kropp Scty/Tr NatHumEd $135,917
Anthony Shaw EVP&ChfAdmin ASPCA $135,696
Patricia Sullivan DeptyDir NRDC $135,583
Paul Gambardella Chf-Angell MSPCA $134,687
Alexander F. Watson VP NatureCons $131,620
Deborah B. Jensen VP NatureCons $130,537
Michael Dennis VP NatureCons $129,158
PEGGY CUNNIFF ExecDir NAVS $129,000 6
Michael Arms DirOps NorthShore $128,605 7
Bruce W. Bunting VPAsia WWF $127,527
Michael McCloskey Chair Sierra $127,294
Scott Schelling DirPath MSPCA $127,178
Neil Harpster DirCard MSPCA $126,936
Diane W. Wood VP-R&D WWF $126,802
Carol Ash RegDir NatureCons $126,670
Vawter Parker VP EarthJustice $126,100
Kelvin Takata VP NatureCons $125,902
David P. Evancich VP-Mrkt WWF $125,371
Roger Kindler VP/GenCouns HSUS $125,324
TOP LEGA L P OSITION TP
$125,100
Thomas Havey Accountant HSUS $124,437
Louis G. Low DrMjPrgDv NatureCons $123,971
Willard I. Johnson VP-LatAm WWF $122,936
Bradford Northrup LtAm NatureCons $121,177
William Curtiss Atty EarthJustice $120,803
John W. Grandy Director HSUS $120,783
DEPUTY CH IE F EXECUT IVE TP
$120,400
Barbara Bucovetsky Fnd NorthShore $120,243
John C. Cook DirMajPrg NatureCons $120,084
Julian Hopkins SrVPDev ASPCA $119,433
Norman L. Dean VP-Program NWF $118,263
John Bowen VP MSPCA $116,907
Rhea Morgan Chf-Rowley MSPCA $116,566
Michael Sherwood Atty EarthJstice $116,457
Bonnie Brown MedDir NorthShore $116,137 8
Robert McIntyre SrVP TrstPubLand $114,099
Howard Levy VP MSPCA $113,883
ARTHUR G. SLADE President ARL $113,879
Louis Barnes AsstTreas Sierra $113,201
Patricia Ewing GenCounsel WWF $113,076
ROBERT F.X. HART President AHA $112,871
Lawrence Amon Treas NWF $112,416
Michael Bernstein DirMed MSPCA $111,483
Timothy H. Brennan CFO IFAW $111,450
CARL POPE ExecDir Sierra $111,364
Jan Hartke Director HSUS $111,228
CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER C& L
$111,100
Carole Fox Operations NWF $110,403
Michael W. Fox Director HSUS $110,343
Carter Luke VP MSPCA $110,222
John Kullberg Director HSUS $109,543
Stephan Volker Atty EarthJustice $108,336
Tjiska Van Wyk VP EarthJustice $108,240
Barbara Fried DirFundDev IFAW $108,009
Gerry Bishop Editor NWF $106,821
TOP LOBBYIST TP $106,800
Stephen Eudene SrVP&CFO ASPCA $106,445
Patrick Ramage DirPolAct IFAW $105,914
Dennis Donald VP NatureCons $105,852
Mark Stanley Price VP AfricWild $105,681
Thomas W. Nichols CFO WWF $104,934
Eileen M. Johnson Secty NWF $104,715
Laura A. Johnson VP NatureCons $104,686
Timothy H. Brennan CFO IFAW $102,928
Michael L. Andrews VP NatureCons $102,454
Jane Prohaska VP NatureCons $101,615
Stephen Zawistowski VPEdSci ASPCA $101,414
Paul Seigel DirFieldActiv IFAW $101,175
Gini Barrett DirLA AHA $100,000
Barry Giaquinto CFO NorthShore $ 99,937
Doug K. Hall VP NatureCons $ 99,806
David Guest Atty EarthJustice $ 99,783
Frederick O’Regan CEO IFAW $ 98,871

T OP SCIENTIFIC RESEARCHER TP $
98,10 0
John Noble SrCounsel WWF $ 98,090
Stephen Musso SRVPAniServ ASPCA $ 97,952
T OP LEGAL PO SITION C&L $
97,90 0
Howard Fox Atty EarthJustice $ 96,682
Stephen Preston ShltrOp PetSavers $ 96,354
E. Bae Veterinarian Holiday $ 95,530
Jamie Cotel Altman GenCouns ASPCA $ 94,879 9
Kristin Vehrs DeptyDir AZA $ 94,190
John Bowen VP MSPCA $ 93,525
Judith Schwartz DirVetStff ASPCA $ 93,080
Barbara Kumble BusPlan NorthShore $ 92,894
Gary Berna DirInfo IFAW $ 91,818
Jared Blumenfeld LegalCnsl IFAW $ 91,504
Janet Fesler AsstSecty WWF $ 90,942
Kevin Kirchner VP EarthJustice $ 90,015
Kenneth Cunniff Attorney NAVS $ 89,615 6
T OP ADMINISTRATOR TP $
88,600
Roseann Trezza AsstDir AssocHum $ 87,814
Karen Farestad DirChldrn AHA $ 86,769
Frank Varenchik VP EarthJustice $ 86,453
Timothy L. Barnett VP NatureCons $ 86,056
LEE BERNSTEIN ExecDir AssocHum $ 85,328
Sydney Holt WhaleConsult IFAW $ 84,950
Michael Hutchins DirConserv AZA $ 84,500
Joseph Brecher Atty EarthJustice $ 84,000
David Stein Veterinarian SF/SPCA $ 83,781
MARK J. OWENS Chair OwensFndtn $ 82,500 10
DELIA D. OWENS Pres OwensFndtn $ 82,500 1 0
Edmund Barrow ConsrvCoord AfrcWld $ 80,474
T OP CO MMUNICATIONS/ PR JOB TP $
80,10 0
DEPUT Y CEO C&L $ 79,90 0
Terrance Clark AsstExDir AssocHum $ 79,698
REGIONAL OFFICE HEAD TP $
78,80 0
Sandy Hooper Director SF/SPCA $ 78,477 1 1
FUNDRAISER, budget <$25 mil AL& A $
77,79 8
T OP FUNDRAISER TP $ 77,400
Deborah Snelson PrgHead AfricWild $ 76,204
David J. Rada Controller WWF $ 76,031
Justin Cooke WhaleConsult IFAW $ 75,887
T OP FI NANCIAL OFFICER T P $
75,70 0
PRISCILLA FERAL Pres/Dir FoA $ 75,581
David Ganz Consultant HSUS $ 75,000
Kay Cooper MarktingDir WSPA $ 74,803
Joseph Soccadato DirFin PetSavers $ 74,271 12
CEO, budget $2.5-$5 million AL& A $
74,17 5
Carol Moulton DirAnimals AHA $ 74,102
Scott Anderson DirDev PETA $ 73,765
ALAN BERGER ExecDir API $ 73,500
Kathleen K. Collins VP MSPCA $ 72,073
T OP FI NANCIAL OFFICER C& L $
71,90 0
Linda J. Boyd GM AZA $ 71,488
John Walsh ProjectDir WSPA $ 71,296
Hamilton Leong AsstReas Sierra $ 69,221
John Fluke DirChldProg AHA $ 68,850
Todd Hutchinson Controller ARL $ 68,545
Alexander Stewart VP MSPCA $ 68,431
Jairo Rios ActingExcDr Greenpeace $ 68,215 13
Bosmat Gal DirVetMed ARL $ 68,060
Rosalind Aveling ProgHead AfrWild $ 67,461
George Hooper Maintenance SF/SPCA $ 66,420 11
Ralph Dennard Director SF/SPCA $ 67,370
Alton Langford GraphicDes NWF $ 67,200
Thomas F. Joyce DeptyDir NAVS $ 67,100
William Keller AscExDr Greenpeace $ 66,842 1 3
Robert Ramin DirDev&Mrkt AZA $ 66,366
MARILEE MENARD ExecDir AMMPA $ 65,508
Nanci Patterson VP EarthJustice $ 64,581
John Asprey HospAdmin SF/SPCA $ 64,328
Adele Douglass DirDC AHA $ 64,083
Marie M. Dupree Cntrlr Goodall $ 63,697
Carol Booker GenCouns Greenpeace $ 63,139 13
FUNDRAISER, bdgt $10-25 mil AL&A $
62,78 0
Ronald H. Cohn Vp&treas Gorilla $ 62,700 1 4
Charlie McGinley PrgMgr PetSavers $ 62,691 12
Barbara Nadeau Director ARL $ 62,438
JOYCE TISCHLER ExecDir ALDF $ 62,375
Barbara DiPietro AsstTres AfriWld $ 62,260
MARSHA W. SPRING ExecDir Indianap $ 61,694
Margaret A. King DirAdmin IWC $ 61,637
Richard Wood ExecDir FACT $ 61,567 15
Mariclare Haggarty DirComm NAVS $ 60,900
GRETCHEN WYLER President ArkTrst $ 60,775
Jeffrey Kerr DirFinGenCnsl PETA $ 60,500
BARBARA DUDLEY ExecDir Greenpeace $ 60,441 1 3
MARTINE COLETTE Pres WldlfWayStn $ 60,000
Derek Glass DirMembDev PETA $ 60,000
JOSEPH S. VENABLE VP WARDS $ 60,000
JAVIER BURGOS President SUPRESS $ 59,100 16

Michael Giannelli PrgDir ArkTrst $ 58,524 1 7
Sonia Beals DirPR ARL $ 57,755
Michael Rodman DirHumRes Grnpeace $ 57,216 1 3
Neil Trent Not stated WSPA $ 57,090
ELLIOT KATZ President IDA $ 56,880
TOP LOBBY IST C& L $ 56,800
Randy Belcher-Torres Cnslt HSUS $ 56,666
Joy Leney ProjectDir WSPA $ 56,246
Victor Watkins Wildlife WSPA $ 56,069
Dan Mathews DirIGC&Media PETA $ 55,000
F UN DR AISER, bdget $5-$10 mil AL&A $
5 4,970
TINA NELSON ExecDir AmericanAV $ 54,851
Donna Hart VP IWC $ 54,481
Dianne Forthman DirAdmin FoA $ 54,301
Robert Wenners Secty WldlfWayStn $ 54,000
Ken Ward ActingExecDir Greenpeace $ 53,830 13
Donald Buford CEO Goodall $ 53,750
TOP EDITOR/PR PERSON C&L $
5 3,650
Linda Petty MgrFinOp NAVS $ 53,600
Steve Ann Chambers Pres ALDF $ 53,500
Marybeth Sweetland VP PETA $ 52,093
A NIMAL SHELTER EXEC. DI R. SAWA $
5 2,000
DEANNA SOARES ExecDir UAN $ 51,783
Charleen Tyson Controller MSPCA $ 51,380
H. Thomas Mears III Ctrl Grnpeace $ 51,085 13
ROBERT A. BROWN President FACT $ 51,000 1 5
Jane Ballentine DirPubAff AZA $ 50,645
Joanna Ellitt DirComm AfricWild $ 50,229
Carl Anthony Pres EarthIsland $ 50,016 1 8
TOP RESEARCHER C& L $ 49,600
William Kaschak ExecDir Goodall $ 48,029
Richard Bright Control Greenpeace $ 47,667 13
CEO, bdgt $250,000-$500,000 A L &A $
4 7,631
Stephen Best Treasurer IWC $ 47,542
Robert Howarth AsstDirGovAff AZA $ 47,417
Deb Winslow DirMemb UAN $ 47,085
Jeffrey Christy AsstSecty Sierra $ 45,729
Lynn Thorp ActCampDir Greenpeace $ 45,211 1 3
Leroy Smith AsscExcDir Greenpeace $ 44,991 1 3
Sue Murphy AsstSecty AHA $ 44,940
DANIEL J. MORAST President IWC $ 44,516
Dawn Armstrong AsstSecty MSPCA $ 43,631
Terri Crisp DirEARS UAN $ 43,359
CEO, budg e t >$1 mill io n C&L $ 41,400
Tom McSorley Dev/ComDir Grnpeace $ 41,136 1 3
John A. Knox ExecDr EarthIsland $ 40,501
David Phillips ExecDr EarthIsland $ 40,501
Robert Wagner ChiefAdminOff AZA $ 40,412 19
F UN DR AISER, bdgt $1-2.5 mil AL& A $
4 0,250
SUSAN ALTIERI President ISAR $ 38,996
ANNA C. BRIGGS President NatHumEd $ 38,798
F UN DR AISER, b udget >$1 mil. AL& A &
3 7,433
Cathy Liss ExecDirector AWI $ 36,960
Adam Werbach President Sierra $ 36,293
Jonathan DePeyer Dir BestFriends $ 35,781
Bonnie Miller Secty/Treas HFA $ 34,062 20
A NIMAL SHELTER ASST. DIR. SAWA $
3 4,050
Karen Goschen AsstTreas AHA $ 33,846
Teri A. Barnato NatlDir AVAR $ 33,781
CEO, budg e t >$250,000 A L &A $
3 2,200
Brad Miller Pres/Dir HFA $ 31,760 20
CHRIS DeROSE Director LastChance $ 31,682
CHIEF HUMANE INVESTIGATOR SAWA $
3 0,737
David Meyer Director LastChance $ 30,000 2 1
Sieglinde Friedman AsstSct AfrWld $ 29,345
PUBLICA TIONS COORDINATOR SAWA $
2 8,000
Arnoldo Garcia BrdMbr EarthIsland $ 27,192
Ernest P. Eckhoff Dir BestFriends $ 26,896
Julie Crudele ActDevDr Greenpeace $ 25,884 13
INGRID NEWKIRK PresDir PETA $ 25,000 H
A NIMAL CONTROL OFFICER SAWA $
2 3,600
NINA NATELSON President CHAI $ 23,579
Bruce Neighbor VP EarthJustice $ 22,211 2 2
Christopher DePeyer Dir BestFrnds $ 22,330
LORRI BAUSTON Pres FarmSanctuary $ 22,043 23
MICHAEL MOUNTAIN Dir BestFriends $ 21,917
Gregory Castle 2ndVP BestFriends $ 21,917
Alfred Batista 1stVP BestFriends $ 21,895
Celeste Fripp Secty BestFriends $ 21,895 2 4
Christopher Fripp Treas BestFrnds $ 21,895 24
Faith Maloney Pres BestFriends $ 21,895
Holly McNulty SecTr FarmSanctuary $ 21,692
Stephen Tello Secty PriPrimates $ 21,840
Gene Bauston VP FarmSanctuary $ 20,853 23
KIM BARTLETT Publisher ANMLPEPL $ 20,000 2 5
Merritt Clifton Editor ANMLPEPL $ 20,000 25
HENRY SPIRA President ARI $ 19,800 2 6
Tina Lococco-Mosio Secty FACT $ 18,978 1 5

ANIMA L HEALTH TECHNI CI AN SAW A $
17,576
Elinor Molbegott Attorney ARI $ 15,000 26
Auerli Rasmussen Jr. Scty ArkTrst $ 13,675
WALLACE SWETT Pres/Dir PriPrim $ 13,000 H
PAT DERBY President PrfAnWlfrSoc $ 12,350 2 7
Ed Stewart SecTreas PrfAnWlfrSoc $ 12,350 27
Marcy Hirshfeld AsstScty Grnpeace $ 12,204 13
Belton P. Mouras President UAN $ 10,386 2 8
Eric Mindel Director LastChance $ 7,246 2 1
KAREN DAVIS President UPC $ 6,720
Jeane Westin ChairConsult UAN $ 3,333 29
CLEVELAND AMORY President Fund none 30
NEAL D. BARNARD President PCRM none
JIM BREWER President PIGS none
DIANA CHONTOS President WildBurro none 31
Gene Chontos SecTreas WildBurro none 3 1
EILEEN J. CORNEA Pres Holiday none
LYNDA FORO President DTFA none
JANE GOODALL Director Goodall none
LEO GRILLO President DELTARescue none
ALEX HERSHAFT President FARM none 3 2
STEVE HINDI President CHARC none
MARTHA HOVERS President ARF none
SHANNON LENTZ President Grateful none
ELISABETH LEWYT Chair NorthShore none
SHIRLEY McGREAL President IPPL none
LINDA MOSS President EquusRescue none
PENNY PATTERSON President Gorilla none 13
Marian Probst Secretary Fund none 3 0
Dale Riffle VP PIGS none
Patricia Sherman Secretary GCC none
CHRISTINE STEVENS President AWI none
KAREN SUSSMAN President ISPMB none
LAURA UTLEY Char/Press GCC none

Selected opposition salaries
MATTHEW CONNOLLY JR. ExecVP Ducks $274,916
WAYNE LAPIERRE JR. ExecVP NRA $205,713
Tanya Metaska ExecDir NRA $191,712
Edward Land Jr. Secretary NRA $179,414
Wilson Phillips Jr. Treas NRA $177,376
Randy L. Graves CFO Ducks $166,931
Don Rakestraw ExecDir NRA $142,545
PATRICK WINTERS ExDr AmGryHndTrck $132,326
BARBARA RICH ExecVP NABR $ 97,194
Mary Brennan VP FBR $ 88,000
SUSAN PARIS Pres/Treas AMP $ 85,000
Kay N. Johnson VP AIF $ 59,994
JACQUELINE CALNAN Secretary AMP $ 53.754
STEVEN KOPPERUD President AIF $ 16,326 3 3

FOOTNOTES ON COMPENSATION

H – Also receives housing.
1 – Victor Sher left EarthJustice in June
1997. This figure includes his severance.
2 – National Wildlife Federation president
Mark Van Putten’s compensation includes
$119,812 paid as a relocation allowance.
3 – Includes severance; Paige MacDonald
has left the National Wildlife Federation.
4 – Includes compensation from
Massachusetts SPCA subsidiaries. Gus
Thornton also receives use of a car.
5 – Richard Avanzino has retired from the
San Francisco SPCA, effective December
31, to head the Duffield Family Foundation.
Ed Sayres, formerly head of PETsMART
Charities and before that of the animal protection
division of the American Humane
Association, has succeeded Avanzino as
president of the SF/SPCA.
6 – Peggy and Kenneth Cunniff are wife
and husband. National Anti-Vivisection
Society Form 990 filings from fiscal years
1989-1994 identified Kenneth Cunniff as an
individual independent contractor. ANIMAL
PEOPLE pointed out in June 1996 that
Kenneth Cunniff had drawn NAVS compensation
at times reaching $100,000 plus use of
a vehicle, while conducting his own law practice.
Since then, he has appeared on NAVS
Form 990 filings as “Kenneth Cunniff, Ltd.”
7 – Includes undisclosed severance; Michael
Arms is no longer with the North Shore
Animal League.
8 – Bonnie Brown, DVM, of the North
Shore Animal League, is not the same person
as Bonney A. Brown, executive director
and founder of the Neponset Valley Humane
Society, who is also vice president of Doing
Things For Animals.
9 – Jamie Cotrel Altman is no longer with
the American SPCA.
10 – Mark and Delia Owens are husband and
wife.
11 – Sandy Hooper, with the SF/SPCA since
1961, and George Hooper, hired in 1965,
met on the job, and are married.
12 – Joseph Soccadato and Charlie
McGinley are no longer with the Pet Savers
Foundation.
13 – Fighting a cumulative deficit of more
than $7 million, Greenpeace laid off 335 of
400 staffers in mid-1997. Many of these personnel
may have left or changed posts.
14 – Ronald H. Cohn and Penny Patterson
are identified by other media as “partners.”
15 – Includes compensation from both FACT
and Nest Eggs Inc., a for-profit subsidiary.
Nest Eggs Inc. in 1997 paid Robert Brown
$12,750, Richard Wood $15,392, and Tina
Lococco-Mosio $4,744.
16 – Javier Burgos leases office space to
SUPRESS d.b.a. The Nature of Wellness at
$22,550/year. Hoorik Davoudian, vice president
of SUPRESS, took no salary in 1997,
for work estimated at 10 hours per week, but
her firm, New Health Inc., was paid
$76,800 for “Programs/campaigns design,
implementation, and management.” Burgos,
Davoudian, and her father, Tikran
Davoudian, form the SUPRESS board.
17 – Michael Giannelli left the Ark Trust in
late 1997. He was replaced by Vernon Weir,
formerly of United Animal Nations.
18 – Carl Anthony is paid for 20 hrs/week.
19 – Robert Wagner retired during 1997.
20 – Bonnie and Brad Miller are wife and
husband.
21 – Eric Mindel succeeded David Meyer as
executive director of Last Chance for
Animals in mid-1997.
22 – EarthJustice hired Bruce Neighbor in
mid-year.
23 – Lorri and Gene Bauston are wife and
husband. They also receive housing.
24 – Celeste and Christopher Fripp are wife
and husband.
25 – Kim Bartlett and Merritt Clifton are
wife and husband.
26 – Henry Spira died on September 12.
Elinor Molbegott, paid on an “as needed”
basis, is his executor.
27 – Pat Derby and Ed Stewart are partners.
28 – Belton P. Mouras left United Animal
Nations in early 1997. He had been compensated
for a halftime workload.
29 – Jeane Westin was compensated as a
halftime UAN employee during 1997.
30 – Cleveland Amory died on October 14,
1998. Marian Probst is acting president of
the Fund for Animals.
31 – Diana and Gene Chontos are wife and
husband.
32 – Alex Hershaft rented office space to
FARM in 1997 for $23,300.
33 – Steven Kopperud is compensated as a
10% time employee.

 

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