WHO GETS THE MONEY? –– ELEVENTH ANNUAL EDITION

From ANIMAL PEOPLE, December 2000:

Starting on page 14 is our 11th annual report on the
budgets, assets, and salaries paid by the major U.S. animalrelated
charities and miscellaneous local activist groups,
humane societies, and some prominent organizations abroad.
We offer their data for comparative purposes. Foreign data is
stated in U.S. dollars at average 1999 exchange rates.
Most charities are identified in the second column by
apparent focus: A for advocacy, C for conservation of habitat
via acquisition, E for education, H for support of hunting
(either for “wildlife management” or recreation), L for litigation,
N for neutering, P for publication, R for animal rights,
S for shelter/sanctuary maintenance, V for focus on vivisection,
and W for animal welfare. The R and W designations are
used only if a group makes a point of being one or the other.
Charities of unique purpose may not have a designation letter.


While many groups are involved in multiple activities,
space limits us to providing only three identifying letters.
Except where otherwise stated, the financial data
comes from current Internal Revenue Service Form 990 filings,
covering either calendar year or fiscal year 1999.
The basic income, expense, and data figures on any
U.S. charity, but not the salary data, are available to anyone––free––at
>>www.guidestar.com<<.
We provide further context, in part by applying standards
developed and used by the National Charities Information
Bureau prior to a recent merger with the much less strict
Philanthropic Advisory Service of the Council of Better
Business Bureaus. The NCIB required approved charities to
spend at least 60% of their budgets on programs, not including
direct mail associated with fundraising. This standard is stricter
than the IRS rules, which allow charities to call some direct
mail costs “program service” in the name of “public education.”
O u r % column states each charity’s overhead and
fundraising costs as declared to the IRS. The ADJ c o l u m n
states those costs as they appear to be under the former NCIB
guidelines. We ask of any mailing, “Would this have been sent
if postal rules forbade soliciting a donation?” If the answer is
no, the mailing should be called “fundraising,” not “program.”
Differences between the declared and adjusted balance
between program and fundraising/overhead spending
appear in boldface. For certain smaller charities, which use
Form 990-EZ instead of the longer Form 990, we cannot accurately
separate program expenses and overhead. However,
since such charities rarely have paid staff or do much fundraising,
one can presume a heavy tilt toward program service.
The practice of ascribing direct mailings to program
service instead of fundraising reflects the common but erroneous
belief that low fundraising and overhead costs indicate
good management. In truth, many older organizations derive
half or more of their income from interest on large endowments,
which consist of funds not spent to directly address the
problems they were given to solve. Such organizations may
have “low” overhead expense only because they are not obliged
to spend as much on fundraising to maintain their programs.
Small shelters, sanctuaries, and some activist groups
which rely heavily on volunteer labor and donated supplies
conversely may appear to have “high” overhead because much
of their program service doesn’t show up in cash accounting.
To fairly assess what % and ADJ mean, look also at
the Assets columns––especially Cash/Securities.
Italics indicate a deficit. Note that shelters and sanctuaries
tend to have more fixed assets (property and equipment)
due to the nature of their work. Do not expect total assets to
match the sum of fixed assets plus cash and securities. These
are the major asset categories, but the totals include others such
as inventory, and may also be reduced by liabilities.
The NCIB also suggested that, “Usually, the organization’s
net assets available for the following fiscal year should
not be more than twice the higher of the current year’s expenses
or the next year’s budget.” Use of some C a s h / S e c u r i t i e s
reserves may be restricted, but usually these assets are readily
available. Bold in this column indicates an apparent excess.

NOTES A – Data is from a balance sheet, either sent to membership, on request, or available at . B – The American A n t i – V i s e c t i o n S o c i e t y received 37% of its income during the year from dividends, interest, and sale of securities. C – The American Bird Conservancy received 11% of its budget from government sources. D – The A m e r i c a n Humane Assn. a n imal protection branch spent $4,272,393. The AHA child protection branch spent $3,147,989. E – The Animal Rescue League of Boston paid $293,660 to S t a t e Street Global A d v i s o r s, employer of ARL board member John F. Sugden Jr. , an ARL board member since 1990. ARL paid $18,517 for legal services to John L. Worden III, of Simonds, Winslow, Willis, & Abbott, on the ARL board since 1973. ARL paid $2,223 to B o s t o n Benefits Consulting for actuarial services; BBC president P a u l B r e n n a n has been an ARL board member since 1977. G – The Born Free F o u n d a t i o n began in 1987 as the Z o o Check Charitable T r u s t. Income was up 56% in 1999. H – The Brooke Hospital for Animals operates equine clinics in Egypt, Jordan, India, and Pakistan.
I – “Donations show a
36% decrease from
last year due entirely
to a reduced response
from our supporters to
the year’s projects,”
admit the Care For
The Wild f i n a n c i a l
statements. A 19%
drop in program funding
resulted, causing
an unusually high
ratio of overhead to
program expense.
J – Compassion in
World Farming h a s
three trustees who
“are also directors of
Compassion in
World Farming Supp
o r t e r s (a company
limited by guarantee).
During the year the
trust paid $95,682 for
a proportion of staff
costs and overhead,
and received a charitable
donation of
$56,051 from CWF
Supporters,” according
to the CWF financial
statements.
K – The Connecticut
Humane Society also
claims $14,670,493 in
“investments held by
others.” Connecticut
Humane spent $1,087
in 1999 on “feral cat
rescue”; $13,967 on
v a c c i n a t i o n / r a b i e s
clinics; $162,846 on
neutering; $260,206
on veterinary care;
and $288,794 on “care
of animals.”
L – Data came from

from The Chronicle
of Philanthropy,
11/2/2000.
M – At the end of
1999, the Cousteau
S o c i e t y owed the
estate of founder
J a c q u e s – Y v e s
C o u s t e a u $2.6 million
in unrepaid
interest-free loans
made by founder
before his 1997
death. His widow
Francine Cousteau
had loaned the Society
$59,750 more.
Affiliates include
Equipe Cousteau,
to which the Cousteau
Society paid
$936,000 in 1999 for
the ship A l c y o n e;
Compagnes Oceanographiques
Francaises;
Cousteau
Society of Canada;
and Les Requines
Associe. Also using
the Cousteau name
are the C o u s t e a u
Group, a for-profit
firm owned by the
J a c q u e s – Y v e s
Cousteau estate; the
Jean Michel Cousteau
Inst., begun by
Cousteau’s second
son, which in March
1999 merged with
the Free Willy/
Keiko Foundation
to become O c e a n
F u t u r e s; and the
Philippe Cousteau
Foundation, named
for Jacques-Yves
Cousteau’s late first
son, headed by Philippe’s
daughter A l –
exandra Cousteau,
39. The Harbor
Branch Oceanographic
Institute,
of Fort Pierce, Florida,
on October 2,
1999 joined in promotional
partnership
with the Philippe
Cousteau Foundation
to seek $20
million to build a
marine mammal
research and teaching
hospital.
N – The Denver
Dumb Friends Lg.
in fiscal 1999 paid
bank and custodial
fees of $13,256 and
legal fees of $8,764
to “companies with
which certain directors
of the league are
associated.”
O – The Dian Fossey
Gorilla Fund
Europe, based in
London, U.K., was
initially called T h e
Digit Fund. H o w –
ever, according to
Dian Fossey Gorilla
Fund International
director of
development E l y e s e
Christensen, whose
organization is in
Atlanta, “We are the
original Digit Fund
established by D i a n
F o s s e y. Our name
was changed in
1992. The other
fund is completely
separate. We are not
connected in any
way.” The Dian
Fossey Gorilla
Fund Intl. did not
respond to requests
for IRS Form 990
faxed on June 18
and October 20,
2000, but did distribute
an “Operating
Budget Summary
2000-2001”
which included the
data reported here,
and promised to
reduce “supporting
services” by 41%

while increasing “education and public
information” expense by the same
percentage. This suggests that the
actual plan is to describe some direct
mailings as program service.
P – Doing Things For
A n i m a l s operates from premises
provided by the Pet Savers Founda
t i o n, a subsidiary of the N o r t h
Shore Animal League America.
Q – Earth Island Institute
derived 58% of its income from
revenue-producing program service
activities (32%) and interest (19%).
R – Farm Sanctuary
claimed to have spent 4% more on
program service in a statement to
membership, apparently based on
preliminary figures, than it claimed
on IRS Form 990.
S – The Food Animal
Concerns Trust wholly owns N e s t
Eggs, Inc., a for-profit firm which
markets eggs from debeaked freerange
hens. Nest Eggs Inc. had
income of $1,394,726 in 1999, ending
the year with assets of $166,543.
T – The Greenpeace
Fund Inc. granted $8,072,228 to
Greenpeace Inc. in 1999, and was
owed $2,825,652 by Greenpeace Inc.
at year’s end on a 1998 loan made at
8.5% interest.
U – Formerly an IRS
501(c)(3) charity, the H o l i d a y
Humane Society is now a private
foundation. 1999 interest income
was $582,807.
V – Home For Life i s
incorporated as the A n i m a l
Sanctuary of St. Croix Valley, in
Stillwater, Minnesota.
W – The Humane Society
of the U.S. transferred $5,434,566 to
affiliates in 1999, among which
were the National Association for
Humane & Environmental Education,
Humane Society Intern
a t i o n a l, Center for Respect For
Life & Environment, Earthvoice
I n t e r n a t i o n a l, Wildlife Land
Trust, Meadowcreek Inc. ( a n
Arkansas-based organic vegetablegrowing
project), and W o r l d w i d e
Network, Inc. Most and perhaps all
of these affiliates are controlled by
the board and senior staff of HSUS.
Technically, HSUS did not end
1999 with more than twice its annual
budget in cash and securities
reserves–– but only because of the
payments to affiliates, whose
reserves may be used in connection
with HSUS projects, yet do not
appear on the HSUS filing of IRS
Form 990.
X – IFAW Inc. on June
30, 1999 absorbed the assets of the
IFAW Trust, formed in 1975, and
in 1999 absorbed the IFAW Seals
Foundation. There are now 15 affiliated
IFAW organizations, four of
which are U.S.-based. IFAW Inc.
was paid $2.4 million in 1999 for
management services provided to
other affiliates. IFAW Inc. board
members Mary Govoni, Jean
K i n l o c h , a n d Fred O’Regan a l s o
serve on the 7-member board of the
IFAW Charitable Trust.
Y – The International
Primate Protection League c a s h
reserves rose 500% in 1999 due to
the unexpected receipt of the largest
bequest in the 26-year history of the
organization. Founder S h i r l e y
McGreal told ANIMAL PEOPLE
that she immediately increased grant
funding of overseas primate protection
projects, and plans to expand
the IPPL gibbon sanctuary on land
farther from neighbors and safer
from hurricanes than the present site
near the South Carolina coast.
Z – The Massachusetts
S P C A collected $19,690,602 from
program service in 1998, 98% of it
from fees charged for veterinary care
at the Angell Memorial, Rowley
Memorial, and Nantucket animal
hospitals. The MSPCA received
$7,692,217 in securities revenues.
Among MSPCA subsidiaries, the
Mary Mitchell Humane Fund h a d
assets of about $5.8 million and
spent $132,080 on programs. The
American Fondouk Maintenance
Committee had assets of about $5.5
million and spent $277,829 on programs.
The Alice Manning Trust
had assets of about $1.7 million and
spent $63,483 on programs; and the
American Humane Education
S o c i e t y , with assets of about $2.5
million, spent $134,615 on programs.
MSPCA chair Robert S.
C u m m i n g s is a partner in the legal
f i r m Nixon Peabody, to which the
MSPCA paid $215,175 during 1999.
A A – The National
Humane Education Society allocated
$674,968 to the affiliated P e a c e
Plantation, of Walton, New York,
and $12,765 to Greener Pastures
Equine Sanctuary, an affiliate in
Chesapeake, Maryland.
B B – National Wildlife
F e d e r a t i o n and National Wildlife
Federation Endow-ment data a r e
combined, since the sole function of
the latter is holding and investing
funds for the former. The NWF was
formed in 1936 as the national
umbrella for 48 state hunting clubs.
The NWF chair, vice chairs, and
regional directors are elected by the
state affiliate representatives.
CC – New England AntiVivisec-tion
Society director of
operations Teresa Sarandrea t o l d

ANIMAL PEOPLE that, “The percentages
of expenditures” on NEAVS’ IRS Form 990
“were influenced by the facts that in 1998
NEAVS underwent a complete turnover in
board and staff, and in 1999 NEAVS did not
yet have a full program staff. The 2000 budget
will reflect a full program staff. Therefore
administration will be a much lower percentage
of the budget.”
DD – The Ocean Mammal Institute
promotes ecotourism to support research projects.
It called the $18,233 cost of “trips and
ecoexpeditions” a program expense.
EE – PETA ascribed to program service
$309,546 spent in connection with the
sale of fundraising merchandise, and at least
$4,252,855 spent for “campaigns” which
appear to have consisted chiefly of direct mailing,
beyond the $551,284 which PETA
acknowledged spending on fundraising mailings
in the name of education.
F F – The Peregrine Foundation
received $1.9 million––40% of total budget––
in government grants. The Peregrine Fund
declared archives on falconry, including
medieval manuscripts, as an asset worth
$589,432.
G G – $40,000 of the P s y E T A b u dget
was contributed by the American SPCA.
H H – Save The Animals has not
responded to repeated requests for shelter statistics
and particulars of property deals reported
on recent filings of IRS Form 990.
II – The Sea Shepherd Conservation
Society has completed and filed Form
990 for two fiscal years since ANIMAL PEOPLE
last reported their financial data, in
December 1999. In the first of those years,
coinciding with a prolonged vigil in Puget
Sound against Makah tribal whaling, the Sea
Shepherds spent $829,865, including
$609,441 on program service, and $220,424
on overhead (27%).
JJ – Tiger Haven declared no
fundraising expense, but filed for a fiscal year
ending on 1/31/99––just before a high-volume
direct mail campaign conducted by fundraiser
Bruce Eberle began. Eberle’s activities were
the topic of exposes in the September and
October 2000 editions of ANIMAL PEOPLE.
Depreciation is usually a minor item in sanctuary
declarations of expenses, but Tiger Haven
declared depreciation at 58% of total budget.
Four tiger cubs and a puppy were killed in a
fire at Tiger Haven on October 16, 2000.
Apparently caused by an overheated clothes
dryer, the fire destroyed the uninsured home
of founder Mary Lynn Parker. Sixty other
exotic cats were reportedly unhurt, and the
dwellings of only four tigers were reportedly
damaged. [See Compensation Note 31.] K K – Tony LaRussa’s Animal
F o u n d a t i o n, the pilot agency for the first
Maddie’s Fund five-year grant to help whole
communities achieve no-kill animal control,
in October quit the Maddie’s Fund project
after only one year, to focus on raising $17
million to build a bigger shelter––a project
which has doubled in scale and quadrupled in
estimated cost since 1994. Of $1,177,330
declared as 1999 ARF program expense, only
$752,793 was spent on animal protection. The
rest, $424,537 (36%), was spent to run a driving
school and youth summer school, “by
agreement with the San Ramon Valley
Community Services Group,” a separate
nonprofit entity also based in Contra Costa
County, California. SRVCSG was formerly
headed by ARF executive director D a v i d
S t e g m a n, assisted there and at ARF by A r t
Lee-Drews. In 1999 the non-animal programs
netted ARF a profit of $2,436. In the previous
fiscal year, 47% of ARF program costs were
spent on the non-animal programs, at a loss
of $1,311, for a two-year net gain of $1,125.
On October 13, 2000, ANIMAL PEOPLE
asked Stegman, “How do these activities fit
into the ARF mission statement?” Lee-Drews
responded that, “ARF acquired the assets of
the San Ramon Valley Community Services
Group to provide revenue to ARF as a subsidiary
business. ARF subsequently transferred
the assets and relinquished control of
these programs (revenue and expense) in
November of 1999 to an outside party in no
way related to ARF.” Lee-Drews stated that
this outside party was not a nonprofit organization.
ARF board chair Gregory L. McCoy
elaborated on November 10 that the assets of
the non-animal-related programs were sold in
“a typical commercial transaction,” with ARF
“fully indemnified with respect to any and all
liabilities, and with ARF receiving the income
from programs then in operation.” Also
unusual in the recent ARF filings of IRS Form
990 was the reported payment of an expense
allowance of $41,210 to Tony LaRussa i n
1997-1998. LaRussa was said to have donated
10 hours of unpaid labor to ARF per week,
while managing the St. Louis Cardinals baseball
team throughout the time in question.
Stegman, paid $77,735 in 1999, was shown
as receiving no pay in 1998. But McCoy indicated
that the lines pertaining to LaRussa and
Stegman were not transposed. McCoy stated
that the payments to LaRussa were reimbursements
of expenses incurred on ARF business
over several years, that LaRussa immediately
donated the same amount back to ARF, and
that LaRussa had not claimed expenses in
1998-1999. Unclear at press time was why
Stegman was apparently not paid in 1997-
1998. ANIMAL PEOPLE was unsuccessful
in many attempts to obtain comment directly
from Tony LaRussa.
LL – Turpentine Creek claimed as
program expense $28,011 for items usually
considered fundraising costs. Also claimed as
program costs were $58,051 in itemized categories
usually declared as management cost.
(See compensation note #33.)
MM – Wild Burro Rescue, founded
in 1991 on 43 acres near Onalaska,
Washington, has kept the National Park
Service from shooting feral burros in D e a t h
Valley National Park since 1994 by removing
the burros for sanctuary care. To have adequate
room for the burros, and to reduce hauling
time, WBR recently relocated to 140 acres
at P.O. Box 10, 20066 Walker Creek,
Olancha, CA 93549; telephone 760-384-
8523; fax 760-384-8524. Founders Gene and
Diana Chontos and volunteers Elaine Kane,
Jeff Schultz, Cindy and Lonnie Taylor, Joe
Harrington, a n d Steve Dorn in October
hauled 57 burros, five dogs, two horses, a
pig, and a cow from Onalaska to the new site
to join approximately 100 burros captured in
Death Valley earlier this year.
NN – The Wildlife Conservation
Society spent $41 million to run the B r o n x
Z o o; $12 million to run the New York
A q u a r i u m; $13 million to run the C e n t r a l
Park and Prospect Park zoos; and $14 million
on international projects.

BUDGETS, PROGRAMS, OVERHEAD AND ASSETS – 130 charities

ORGA NIZATION TYPE BUDGET PROGRAMS OV ER HEAD % ADJ ASSETS FIXED CASH/SECUR.
NOTE
African Wildlife Foundation AEH $ 6,265,258 $ 4,644,064 $ 1,621,194 26% 26% $ 8,610,803 $ 180,466 $ 6,368,673
Alley Cat Allies AE $ 1,179,476 $ 946,507 $ 232,969 20% 31% $ 1,026,358 $ 28,595 $ 74,296
Alliance of Marine Mammal Parks AE $ 172,759 $ 123,606 $ 49,153 29% 29% $ 79,960 $ (none) $ 79,960
Amer. Anti-Vivisection Society AEV $ 1,088,433 $ 1,012,233 $ 76,200 7% 7% $ 11,264,007 $ 8,971,416 $ 1,072,645 B
American Bird Conservancy AE $ 1,286,543 $ 1,102,103 $ 184,440 14% 14% $ 1,243,250 $ 23,556 4 1,240,528 C
American Humane Association AEW $ 9,224,165 $ 7,419,989 $ 1,804,176 20% 20% $ 10,201,178 $ 2,374,800 $ 4,090,371 D
American SPCA AES $ 31,060,806 $ 22,174,684 $ 8,886,122 29% 36% $ 60,815,984 $ 21,627,410 $ 30,439,147
American Veterinary Medical Assn. $ 17,585,525 $ (breakdown unavailable $ 25,000,000 (breakdown unavailabl e) A
American Zoo Association AE $ 3,119,159 $ 2,399,991 $ 719,168 23% 23% $ 7,010,272 $ 259,152 $ 7,334,449
Animal Advocates (Pitts, PA) AES $ 21,753 $ 16,357 $ 5,396 25% 25% $ (breakdown unavailable) A
Animal Concern Ltd. (Scotland) AEV $ 37,589 $ 28,313 $ 9,276 25% 25% $ 3,350 $ (none) $ 3,350 A
Animal Humane Society (MN) S $ 2,656,686 $ 1,949,174 $ 707,512 27% 30% $ 13,925,042 $ 3,991,344 $ 8,250,962
Animal Legal Defense Fund AL $ 2,929,360 $ 1,924,092 $ 1,005,268 34% 62% $ 2,733,872 $ 34,208 $ 2,418,305
ANIMAL PEOPLE P $ 204,717 $ 168,531 $ 36,186 18% 18% $ 24,745 $ 21,759 $ 2,807
Animal Protection Institute AE $ 1,649,605 $ 1,323,154 $ 326,451 20% 28% $ 2,575,615 $ 246,359 $ 2,282,173
Animal Rescue League of Boston S $ 6,455,972 $ 3,782,191 $ 2,673,781 41% 41% $ 115,975,710 $ 3,328,295 $112,226,940 E
Animal Rights International AER $ 59,031 $ 51,108 $ 7,923 13% 13% $ 267,640 $ 799 $ 265,966
Anml Rghts Nwk/Animals’ Agenda P $ [Did not respond to requests for IRS Form 990 sent on July 18 and October 20, 2000.] Animal Welfare Institute AEW $ 1,080,463 $ 958,826 $ 121,637 11% 11% $ 1,451,506 $ 194,618 $ 1,166,880
Ark Trust AE $ 991,566 $ 784,128 $ 207,438 21% 21% $ 976,964 $ 4,409 $ 948,692
Associated Humane Societies S $ 5,019,064 $ 3,317,715 $ 1,701,349 34% 34% $ 14,469,334 $ 1,801,185 $ 13,144,49 0
Assn. of Vets for Animal Rights AE $ 213,429 $ 166,493 $ 46,936 22% 22% $ 158,015 $ 1,438 $ 160,687
Best Friends Animal Sanctuary SP $ 7,633,763 $ 5,420,237 $ 2,213,526 29% 30% $ 8,620,599 $ 4,699,420 $ 3,776,638
Bide-A-Wee Home Association S $ 6,820,468 $ 5,465,034 $ 1,355,434 20% 26 % $ 32,083,600 $ 8,621,242 $ 2 2,109,518
Born Free Foundation (UK) AES $ 1,990,425 $ 1,432,124 $ 558,301 28% 28% $ 1,483,896 $ 137,697 $ 1,355,193 G
Brooke Hospital for Animals (UK) $ 4,264,464 $ 2,979,966 $ 1,284,498 30% 30% $ 29,213,608 $ 33,887 $ 29,112,894 H
Care For The Wild (UK) AES $ 1,465,981 $ 782,532 $ 683,449 47% 47% $ 1,753,498 $ 56,789 $ 1,771,778 I
Compassionate Crusaders (India) AES $ 6,867 $ 6,424 $ 443 7% 7% $ 76,689 $ 68,950 $ 7,739
Compassion in World Farming (UK) AE $ 453,409 $ 289,775 $ 163,635 36% 36% $ 514,334 $ 19,630 $ 255,566 J
Concern for Helping Animals/Israel $ 237,159 $ 210,036 $ 27,123 11% 11% $ 173,599 $ (none) $ 173,599
Connecticut Humane Society S $ 3,486,939 $ 3,148,474 $ 338,465 10% 11% $ 54,870,998 $ 5,546,887 $ 34,813,674 K
Conservation Fund CH $ 50,068,902 $ 47,188,105 $ 2,880,797 6% (Asset s unavailable; 1999 income of $68,331,753) L
Conservation Interntional AE $ 26,274,524 $ 22,391,576 $ 3,882,948 15% (Assets unavailable; 1999 i nc ome of $83,453,220) L
Cousteau Society AE $ 5,506,959 $ 3,833,646 $ 1,673,313 30% 30% $ 6,083,764 $ 1,329,105 $ 1,051,790 M
Defenders of Wildlife AEH $ 17,132,668 $ 13,632,315 $ 3,500,353 20% 60% $ 14,510,573 $ 608,919 $ 334,842
DELTA Rescue S $ 4,206,100 $ 3,663,580 $ 542,520 13% 25% $ 5,245,935 $ 2,892,223 $ 2,360,295
Denver Dumb Friends League S $ 5,113,696 $ 3,877,787 $ 1,235,909 24% 24% $ 27,310,574 $ 2,077,350 $ 24,919,868 N
Dian Fossey Gorilla Fund Europe $ 955,249 $ 614,611 $ 340,637 36% 36% $ 247,501 $ 61,757 $ 2,010,059 O
Dian Fossey Gorilla Fund Intl. $ 751,525 $ 422,744 $ 273,781 36% 36% $ ( br eakdown unavailable) O
Dogs’ Home Battersea S $ 8,632,641 $ 7,159,011 $ 887,729 10% 10% $ 74,187,261 $ 19,877,549 $ 54,674,333
Doing Things For Animals AE $ 133,350 $ 127,466 $ 5,884 5% 5% $ 38,777 $ (none) $ 50,574 P
Doris Day Animal League AER $ 2,298,227 $ 1,871,894 $ 426,333 19% 58% $ 1,074,851 $ 13,072 $ 1,177,804
Earth Island Institute AE $ 4,216,598 $ 3,674,780 $ 541,818 13% 13% $ 3,058,495 $ 75,523 $ 2,280,697 Q
EarthJustice L $ 13,319,937 $ 9,825,102 $ 3,494,835 26% 36% $ 18,238,665 $ 1,758,918 $ 16,072,649
Elephant Sanctuary in Hohenwald S $ 278,253 $ 236,214 $ 42,039 15% 15% $ 501,523 $ 657,201 $ 263,015
Environmental Defense Fund AE $ 26,311,906 $ 21,235,208 $ 5,076,698 19% (Assets u navailable; 1999 income of $32,016,597) L
Farm Animal Reform Movement AER $ 254,269 $ 237,796 $ 16,473 6% 6% $ 354,827 $ 7,519 $ 347,575
Farm Sanctuary AES $ 1,500,851 $ 1,116,808 $ 384.043 26% 38% $ 2,743,810 $ 1,573,004 $ 1,010,018 R
Food Animal Concerns Trust AE $ 369,560 $ 264,253 $ 105,307 29% 34% $ 2,042,359 $ 16,577 $ 1,702,038 S
Free Willy/Keiko Foundation AES $ 3,687,811 $ 2,856,733 $ 831,078 23% 23% $ 8,075,915 $ 8,371,559 $ 1,281,078 M
Friends of Animals AER $ 4,289,534 $ 3,768,089 $ 521,445 14% 2 0% $ 6,986,713 $ 85,025 $ 6,413,439
Fund for Animals AES $ 6,383,888 $ 5,311,129 $ 1,072,759 17% 23% $ 16,219,220 $ 2,156,671 $ 13,817,606
Gorilla Foundation AES $ 1,695,394 $ 1,044,644 $ 650,750 38% 38% $ 3,450,987 $ 957,538 $ 262,569
Greenpeace Inc AE $ 13,552,730 $ 7,742,106 $ 5,810,624 43% 54% $ 2,853,309 $ 411,706 $ 1,267,964 T
Greenpeace Fund Inc. AE $ 9,838,622 $ 8,072,228 $ 1,766,394 18% 18% $ 11,411,088 $ (none) $ 5,783,302 T
Hearts United for Animals (NE) S $ 127,353 $ 110,322 $ 23,031 18% 18% $ 49,230 $ 42,607 $ 35,035
Holiday Humane Society (CA) S $ 390,923 $ 354,515 $ 36,408 9% 9% $ 14,452,402 $ 1,399,979 $ 13,572,021 U
Home for Life (MN) S $ 141,363 $ 118,817 $ 22,546 16% 16% $ 4,502 $ 324,716 $ 2,169 V
Humana Reserve (CA) S $ 15,368 $ 14,986 $ 382 3% 3% $ 5,250 $ (none) $ 3,996
Humane Farming Association AES $ 1,412,290 $ 1,227,026 $ 185,264 13% 22% $ 4,894,145 $ 2,396,234 $ 2,522,579
Humane Society of Indianapolis S $ 1,975,940 $ 1,335,137 $ 640,803 32% 32% $ 11,123,805 $ 3,602,653 $ 7,688,487
Humane Society of the U.S. AEW $ 51,680,147 $ 29,746,546 $ 16,499,035 32% 45% $ 99,412,194 $ 8,848,034 $ 95,258,400 W
In Defense of Animals AER $ 1,707,270 $ 1,390,001 $ 317,269 19% 42% $ 669,696 $ 100,521 $ 549,66
Intl. Fund for Animal Welfare AE $ 12,742,725 $ 9,298,483 $ 3,444,242 27% 4 1% $ 12,288,371 $ 1,819,246 $ 11,241,92 X
IFAW Charitable Trust (U.K.) AE $ 853,140 $ 750,707 $ 102,434 12% 30% $ 1,224,248 $ 3,396 $ 1,230,593 X
IFAW (all affiliates combined) AE $ 56,291,000 $ 41,373,885 $ 14,917,115 27% 27% $ 36,117,000 $ 2,405,000 $ 31,045,000 X
Intl. Primate Protection Lg. ES $ 562,283 $ 413,709 $ 148,574 26% 26% $ 1,737,415 $ 327,148 $ 1,382,636 Y
Intl. Soc. for Animal Rights AE $ [Did not respond to reques ts for IRS Form 990 sent o n J ul y 18 an d October 20, 2000.] Intl. Wildlife Coalition AE $ [Did not respo nd to requests for IRS Form 990 sent on July 18 and Oc tober 20, 2000.] International Wolf Center (MN) S $ 1,190,552 $ 773,859 $ 416,693 35% $ 1,005,469 (break do wn unavailable) A
Jane Goodall Institute ES $ 2,095,087 $ 1,645,112 $ 449,975 21% 21% $ 6,136,947 $ 60,323 $ 2,497,612
Jiv Daya Resource Center P $ 3,455 $ 3,455 $ (none) 0% 0% $ 7,990 $ (none) $ 7,990 A
Last Chance for Animals AER $ 657,946 $ 441,895 $ 216,051 33% 33% $ 426,133 $ 41,016 $ 383,315
Living Free (CA) S $ [Did not respond to reques ts for IRS Form 990 sent o n J ul y 18 a nd October 20, 2000. ] Massachusetts SPCA AES $ 34,806,314 $ 29,094,346 $ 5,711,968 16% 18% $ 90,130,035 $ 22,762,158 $ 77,234,914 Z
Natl. Anti-Vivisection Society V $ 2,153,309 $ 1,535,661 $ 617,648 29% 50% $ 7,655,366 $ 20,008 $ 7,691,01 3
National Audubon Society AE $ 53,572,777 $ 44,835,821 $ 8,736,956 16% (Assets unavailable; 1999 income of $64,674,507) L
Natl. Canine Defense Lg. (UK) SAE $ 23,337,940 $ 15,839,720 $ 7,498,220 32% 32% $ 64,102,560 $ 8,733,260 $ 34,476,000 A
Natl. Fish & Wildlife Fndtn. AEH $ 40,225,923 $ 38,264,757 $ 1,961,166 5% (Assets unavailable; 1999 income of $47,138,948) L
Natl. Humane Education Society S $ 7,246,722 $ 4,331,373 $ 2,915,349 40% 79% $ 3,362,134 $ 1,920,276 $ 1,052,281 A A
National Wildlife Federation AEH $ 87,043,571 $ 75,421,381 $ 11,622,190 13% 23% $ 103,410,391 $ 27,034,241 $ 88,561,918 BB
Natural Resources Defense Cncl AEH $ 30,564,970 $ 24,979,301 $ 5,585,669 18% 36% $ 53,512,861 $ 9,832,552 $ 46,045,282
Nature Conservancy CH $359,426,739 $285,001,582 $115,337,669 32% (Assets unavailable; 1999 income of $704,004,760 ) L
New England Anti-Viv. Soc. AEV $ 1,052,240 $ 643,263, $ 408,977 39% 39% $ 10,054,883 $ 416,362 $ 9,682,965 CC
New Zealand Anti-Viv. Society V $ 18,698 $ 10,601 $ 8,097 43% 43% $ 13,543 $ (not clear) $ 13,543
North Shore Animal Lg. America SAE $ 33,084,848 $ 25,234,647 $ 7,850,201 24% 41% $ 54,875,051 $ 12,573,131 $ 37,845,397 P
Ocean Mammal Institute $ 75,870 $ 67,868 $ 8,002 11% 35% $ 40,109 $ (none) $ 40,109 D D
Owens Fndtn. for Wildlife Cons. $ 296,383 $ 242,106 $ 54,277 18% 18% $ 1,101,414 $ 924,243 $ 176,294
People For Animals (Calcutta) AE $ 24,126 $ 23,845 $ 281 1% 1% $ 75,049 $ 69,524 $ 5,524
PETA AER $ 16,487,851 $ 14,417,787 $ 2,070,064 13% 44% $ 5,909,780 $ 416,526 $ 3,240,304 EE

Peregrine Foundation SH $ 4,847,214 $ 4,637,849 $ 209,365 5% 5% $ 16,830,496 $ 7,808,724 $ 6,898,298 F F
Performing Animal Welfare Soc. AES $ 1,470,436 $ 1,212,435 $ 258,001 18% 37% $ 1,523,255 $ 2,872,079 $ 401,211
Pet Savers Foundation S $ 2,586,604 $ 1,616,919 $ 969,685 38% 38% $ 2,338,181 $ 16,240 $ 834,550 P
PETsMART Charities $ 7,771,882 $ 6,611,027 $ 1,160,855 15% 15% $ 3,251,606 (breakdown unavailable) A
Phys. Comm. for Resp. Medicine AEV $ [Did not respo nd to requests for IRS Form 990 sent on July 18 and Oc tober 20, 2000.]

Pig Hoppers (MI) S $ 27,343 $ 19,329 $ 8,016 29% (Assets unavailable; 1999 i ncome of $28,587.) A
Primarily Primates S $ 836,038 $ 589,147 $ 246,891 30% 30% $ 2,191,443 $ 2,331,126 $ 148,400
Progressive Anml Welf. Soc (WA) S $ 2,327,754 $ 1,830,971 $ 496,783 22% (Assets unavailable; 1999 i ncome of $2,624,617.) A
Project Equus AE $ 19,625 $ 14,219 $ 5,406 28% 28% $ 3,190 $ 3,175 $ 15
PsyETA AE $ 100,458 $ 76,386 $ 23,072 23% 23% $ 23,039 $ 3,078 $ 19,321 GG
Rainforest Action Network AE $ 3,156,731 $ 2,207,657 $ 949,074 30% 35% $ 613,341 $ 129,050 $ 805,456
Rashtriya Ahinsa Pratish. (India) $ 3,077 $ 2,323 $ 754 25% (Assets unavailable; 1999 i ncome of $2,424. ) A
Royal SPCA (UK) S $105,084,640 $ 74,989,000 $ 30,095,800 29% 29% $ 286,774,960 $105,298,780 $196,502,500
Royal S.P. Birds (UK) S $ 69,573,920 $ 57,341,380 $ 12,232,540 17% 17% $ 34,484,840 $ 17,122,900 $ 24,123,120
San Francisco SPCA SAE $ 10,429,905 $ 9,400,084 $ 1,029,821 10% 10% $ 50,550,169 $ 16,657,245 $ 34,360,85 0
Save The Animals Fndtn. (OH) S $ 347,154 $ 342,383 $ 4,771 1% 8% $ 281,492 $ 310,000 $ 172,995 H H
Sea Shepherd Conservation Soc AE $ 431,445 $ 303,320 $ 128,125 30% 30% $ 3,544,696 $ 2,799,459 $ 230,514 II
SHARK AE $ 73,923 $ 70,422 $ 3,501 5% 5% $ 17,343 $ 9,266 $ 4,341
Sierra Club AE $ 54,295,207 $ 46,717,411 $ 7,577,796 14% 14% $ 31,127,927 $ 4,312,587 $ 31,642,802
SPA de Lyon et Sud Est (Fr.) AES $ 3,010,927 $ 2,252,619 $ 925,196 31% (Assets unavailable; 1999 income of $2,716,721.) A
SPA Abroad (was SPANA) (UK) S $ 3,173,500 $ 2,393,926 $ 779,574 25% 25% $ 11,198,704 $ 111,286 $ 11,087,41 7
SPCA of Texas S $ 4,297,956 $ 2,492,814 $ 1,805,142 42% (Asset s unavailable; 1999 income o f $4,505,351.) A
SUPRESS/The Nature of Wellness AEV $ 370,770 $ 280,065 $ 90,705 25% 25% $ 180,786 $ 12,405 $ 160,714
Tiger Haven (TN) S $ 95,266 $ 88,279 $ 6,988 7% notes $ 607,316 $ 601,640 $ 7,207 J J
Tony LaRussa’s ARF (CA) S $ 2,194,180 $ 1,177,330 $ 1,016,850 46% 46% $ 3,666,016 $ 3,428,826 $ 371,573 KK
Trust for Public Land C $ 51,413,434 $ 45,476,223 $ 5,937,211 12% (Assets unavailable; 1999 i nc ome of $95,009,203) L
Turpentine Creek Foundation S $ 362,409 $ 362,409 $ (none) 0% 23% $ 507,765 $ 944,748 $ 6,842 LL
United Animal Nations AE $ 791,566 $ 598,914 $ 192,652 24% 38 % $ 535,034 $ 38,275 $ 498,409
United Poultry Concerns AE $ 111,226 $ 80,005 $ 31,221 28% 28% $ 128,727 $ 99,202 $ 60,915
Univ, Fed. for Animal Welf. (UK) $ 970,959 $ 707,202 $ 263,757 28% 28% $ 5,260,213 $ 776,171 $ 4,718,787
VivVegie Society AE $ 34,321 $ 34,321 $ 13,977 40% 30% $ 5,814 $ (Breakdown unavailable. )
WARDS Inc. AE $ 240,681 $ 163,995 $ 76,686 32% 32% $ 578,618 $ 245,769 $ 335,817
Wild Animal Orphanage S $ 314,670 $ 276,664 $ 38,012 12% 12% $ 613,208 $ 713,795 $ 14,507
Wild Burro Rescue S $ 116,067 $ 99,237 $ 16,830 15% 15% $ 122,951 $ 37,539 $ 85,412 M M
Wildlife Conservation Society AES $ 94,895,366 $ 81,885,429 $ 13,009,937 14% 14% $ 314,478,744 $138,727,899 $210,602,426 NN
Wildlife Waystation S $ 2,158,656 $ 1,546,225 $ 612,431 28% 28% $ 2,068,120 $ 1,505,551 $ 527,119
WSPA (U.S.) AES $ 9,096,686 $ 6,290,929 $ 2,805,757 31% 31% $ 6,040,494 $ 439,299 $ 3,926,232
WSPA (British Section) AES $ 6,118,760 $ 4,717,720 $ 1,401,040 23% 23% $ 1,236,700 $ 217,460 $ 1,281,520
World Wildlife Fund (U.S.) AEH $ 89,732,867 $ 78,621,744 $ 11,111,123 12% (Asset s unavailable; 1999 income o f $111,262,567) L
World Wildlife Fund (U.K.) AEH $ 39,647,440 $ 30,366,380 $ 9,281,060 23% 23% $ 14,817,160 $ 1,230,060 $ 19,795,500

 

BUDGETS, PROGRAMS, ASSETS, & OVERHEAD OF TEN OPPOSITION GROUPS

ORGA NIZATION TYPE BUDGET PROGRAMS OVERHEAD % ADJ ASSETS FIXED CASH/SECUR.
NOTE
American Cancer Society AEV $245,208,612 $189,941,906 $ 54,294,497 22% 23% $ 309,773,270 $ 26,908,338 $369,645,232 OO
Americans for Medical Progress AE $ 610,941 $ 475,517 $ 135,424 22% 22% $ 116,664 $ 27,513 $ 103,071 PP
Animal Industry Foundation AE $
Ducks Unlimited CH $117,442,343 $ 96.291,392 $ 21,150,951 18% 18% $ 56,865,900 $ 10,367,400 $ 24,373,660 QQ
Fndtn. for Biomed. Research AE $ 748,893 $ 601,816 $ 147,077 20% 20% $ 8,948,022 $ (none) $ 8,969,994
Natl. Assn. for Biomed. Resrch.AE $ 919,936 $ 844,772 $ 75,164 8% 8% $ 3,581,250 $ 18,980 $ 3,529,809 A
National Rifle Association AEH $118,912,092 $ 75,181,940 $ 43,730,152 37% 37% $ 36,910,557 $ 48,986,195 $ 57,276,940
National Trappers Association H $ 835,223 $ 835,223 (none cl aimed) 15% $ 308,668 $ 24,061 $ 245,065 R R
Wildlife Conserv. Fund of Amer H $ 859,906 $ 743,076 $ 74,500 9% 9% $ 2,573,414 $ 671,886 $ 2,474,407 SS
Wildlife Leg. Fund of America H $ 777,490 $ 629,911 $ 147,579 19% 19% $ 125,530 $ (none) $ 225,058 S S

 

INDIVIDUAL COMPENSATION (EXECUTIVES, DIRECTORS, TOP-PAID STAFF & CONSULTANTS)

The Pay column below combines salaries,
benefit plan contributions (if any), and expense
accounts for the few individuals who are not required to
itemize expenses. Individual independent contractors
such as attorneys, accountants, and consultants are
listed as well as directors and regular staff.
The IRS does not require disclosure of nonboard
compensation under $50,000. British charities
must disclose the approximate amount of their highest
salaries, but not who receives them.
Salary norms identified as SAWA come from
the Society of Animal Welfare Administrators annual
survey of Salary and Personnel Practices. Since
SAWA does not see fit to share the findings, we are
obliged to use leaked and therefore possibly incomplete
data. Norms identified as C & L come from the
Coopers & Lybrand publication Compensation in
Not-for-Profit Organizations. Norms identified as
C H R N come from surveys done by The Chronicle of
P h i l a n t h r o p y. Norms identified as A V M A are from
Veterinary Market Statistics, a publication of the
American Veterinary Medical Association. Norms
identified as N A V T A are from the North American
Veterinary Technicians Association.
Volunteers are listed only if working in a
senior leadership capacity full-time or nearly full-time.

Individual Position Group Pay Note

JOHN STEVENSON Pres NorthShore $335,306
WILLIAM CONWAY CEO WldlfConsSoc $322,100
LARRY M. HAWK Pres/CEO ASPCA $298,880
Stephan Volker Atty EarthJustice $288,666
FREDERIC KRUPP ExecDir EDF $283,640
PAUL G. IRWIN Pres/CEO HSUS $267,663
AMOS S. ENO ExecDir NatFishWild $257,646
GUS THORNTON President MSPCA $252,529
MARK VAN PUTTEN President NWF $247,081
KATHRYN S. FULLER President WWF $241,638
JOHN H. ADAMS Executive NRDC $241,299
Richard Lattis VP WldlfConsSoc $241,141
JOHN FLICKER President Audubon $239,670
RODGER SCHLICKEISEN CEO Defenders $231,000
FRED O’REGAN CEO IFAW $227,459 1
John McKew VPadmin WldlfConsSoc $232,081
PATRICK NOONAN Chair ConservFnd $220,606
John Robinson VP WldlfConsSoc $218,786
PETER SELIGMAN CEO ConservIntl $218,695
JOHN TURNER Pres ConservFnd $216,117
Russ Mittermeir Pres ConservFnd $211,991
W. William Weeks VP NatrCnsrvcy $210,151
Jennifer Herring VP WldlfConsSoc $209,521
CEO, 246 biggest chari ties CHRN
$ 207,990
REYNALDO SAMALA ExecDir BideAWee $205,307
Deborah Sorondo AsstSecty Sierra $199,577
JOHN C. SAWHILL Pres NatrCnsrvcy $196,973 2
Louis Garibaldi VP WldlfConsSoc $187,003
James A. Cunningham Fin Audubon $185,591
John Hoare Comptrol WldlfConsSoc $183,064
Marcia Aronoff DirPrograms EDF $182,349
SYDNEY J. BUTLER ExecDir AZA $177,170
James Leape SeniorVP WWF $175,358
FE MA LE CEO, 230 top chrties CHRN
$ 175,120
Steven Shimberg Fed&IntlAff NWF $163,452
Natalie Waugh CnstituntSrvc NWF $162,705
FRANCINE COUSTEAU Pres Cousteau $160,596
Henri Jacquier Advisor Cousteau $159,791
Annette Berkovits VP WldlfConsSoc $159,512
VAWTER PARKER Pres EarthJustice $157,583
Peter Theran, DVM VP MSPCA $156,287
R. Michael Wright Pres AfWld $154,000
PEGGY CUNNIFF ExecDir NAVS $153,800 3
Patricia Forkan ExecVP HSUS $153,173
Eileen M. Johnson Secretary NWF $152,774
Roger A. Caras PRConsul ASPCA $152,500
Lawrence J. Amon Treasurer NWF $151,667
Top salary, Royal SPCA (Britain)
$ 149,398
ED SAYRES President SF/SPCA $146,680 4
Paul Gambardella, DVM MSPCA $145,814
Gregory Wetstone ProgDir NRDC $143,516
Louis Barnes AsstTreas Sierra $142,799
CARL POPE ExecDir Sierra $141,858
John Giesecke Merchandise NWF $141,796
Jack Murray DirDevelopment NRDC $141,574
ROBERT ROHDE Dir DumbFriends $140,996 5
Tom Cochran SrScientist NRDC $140,722
David Hawkins SrAtty NRDC $140,721
Richard Avanzino Pres SF/SPCA $139,801 4
Neil Harpster, DVM MSPCA $138,548
Carole Fox Operations NWF $138,242
Andrew Rowan SeniorVP HSUS $138,144
G. Thomas Waite III CFO HSUS $138,144
Alan Metrick DirComm NRDC $137,745
Charles J. Orasin VP Defenders $137,500
Frances Beinecke DeputyDir NRDC $136,424
Barbara Bucovetsky Dev NorthShore $136,145
Roger Kindler GnrlCounsel HSUS $136,049
W.B. McKeown GenCnsl WldlfConsSoc $135,775
Rhea Morgan, DVM MSPCA $135,221
Azzedine Downes ChfOpsOfcr IFAW $134,563 1
WILLIAM BURNHAM CEO Peregrine $134,550 6
Judy Keefer FinanceDir NRDC $133,836
Scott Schelling, DVM MSPCA $133,533
Top, Royal Soc. for Prot. Birds $132,800
Top, World Wildlif e Fund (U.K.) $132,800
Michael Bernstein, DVM MSPCA $131,179
Norman Dean ConservProgs NWF $131,145
RICHARD JOHNSTON Pres Ct.Humane $130,883 7
ROBERT F.X. HART President AHA $128,155 8
Julian Hopkins SrVP ASPCA $127,628
William J. Kropp Sec/Tr NHES $127,444
Carter Luke VP MSPCA $125,778
Howard Levy VP MSPCA $125,483
John Grandy SeniorVP HSUS $125,173
Kenneth Cunniff Attorney NAVS $123,455 3
Alex Echols DeptyDir NatFishWild $123,158
Robert L. Steele VP Cousteau $123,112
Bill Curtiss VP EarthJustice $122,637
ARTHUR G. SLADE Pres AnmlRescLg $122,582
Perry Fina DirOps NorthShore $122,419
Jeffrey R. Cilek VP Peregrine $121,220
John Bowen VP MSPCA $120,508
Barry Giaquinto CFO NorthShore $120,475
Kristin L. Vehrs DeptyDir AZA $119,854
Michl. Sherwood Atty EarthJustice $119,377
Alfonso Reyes Controller SF/SPCA $118,826
ALAN STENSRUD ExecDir AHS $117,103
Top sal ary, SPA A broad $116,198
ANDREW DICKSON President WSPA $116,011 9
Jan Hartke ExecDirector HSUS $115,944
Hedwige Bienvenu FilmEd Cousteau $115,122
John Kullberg WldlfLndTrst HSUS $114,034
Stephen G. Eudene SrVP/CFO ASPCA $113,616
Nina Robbins ProgramEcon AfWld $112,916
Steven Hansen, DVM ASPCA $112,381
Stephen Zawistowski SrVPEdu ASPCA $112,083
Stephen Musso SrVP/ChfOps ASPCA $111,120
CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER C&L
$ 111,10 0
Lynn Lawrence ChiefStaff BideAWee $110,433
INDUSTRIAL V ETERINARIAN A V MA
$ 109,94 1
Bonnie Brown, DVM NorthShore $108,800 10
Wayne Pacelle SeniorVP HSUS $107,849
Mark Shaffer VP/Prog Defenders $105,438
Gini Barrett HollywoodDir AHA $105,427
John Aldridge, DVM SF/SPCA $104,619
David Guest Atty EarthJustice $104,461
STEWART HUDSON ExecDir Goodall $103,264
Howard Fox Atty Earth Justice $100,750
Top, Dogs Home Battersea $ 99,60 0
1 1
Top, Natl. Can in e Def ence Le ag ue $
9 9,600 12
Kathleen K. Collins VP MSPCA $ 98,714
Laura Benson DirFin&Admin AZA $ 98,551
TOP LEGAL POSITION C &L $
9 7,900
Hamilton Leong AsstTreas Sierra $ 97,646
James Deane DirPubs Defenders $ 97,459
Tatyana Doughty-Olyphant ASPCA $ 97,355
Douglas Giacalone, DVM ASPCA $ 97,145
Stephen Roady Atty EarthJustice $ 96,908
Bruce Carr DirEducation AZA $ 96,323
Michael Hutchins Cons&Sci AZA $ 95,541
Carolyn Sweetapple Med NorthShore $ 94,944
Rosalind Aveling NairobiDir AfWld $ 93,105
David Stein, DVM SF/SPCA $ 92,590
Lloyd Kiff ScienceDir Peregrine $ 92,510
Patricia Burnham Admin Peregrine $ 91,425 6
Thomas F. Joyce Secretary NAVS $ 91,250
Bruce Neighbor VP EarthJustice $ 90,209
GEORGE FENWICK Pres AmerBrdCon $ 90,000
Michel LeGoc PlanStrat Cousteau $ 90,000
Adlai Amor DirCommuni Greenpeace $ 89,886
Dennis Hersterin, DVM BideAWee $ 88,109
LeeSteffy Jenkins Consult HSUS $ 87,451
David Ganz Consultant HSUS $ 86,689
Sara Vickerman DirWest Defenders $ 85,800
Carol Moulton DirAnimals AHA $ 85,290 8
LEE BERNSTEIN ExecDir AsscHumane $ 83,944
Top salary, Brooke Hospita l $ 83,000
Top salary, Univers ities Fedrtn. $ 82,998
Robert Ramin Mrkt&Develop AZA $ 82,963
Roseann Trezza ExecDir AsscHumane $ 82,860
Terrance Clark AsstXDr AsscHumane $ 82,710
William Heinrich OpsMgr Peregrine $ 82,651
MARK J OWENS Chair OwensFndtn $ 80,500 13
DELIA D. OWENS Pres OwensFndtn $ 80,500 13
PRISCILLA FERAL President FoA $ 80,104

Sandra Hooper DirAdopt SF/SPCA $ 80,006
DEPUTY CEO C&L $ 79,900
Karen Goschen AsstTreas AHA $ 79,980
Steve Katz VP EarthJustice $ 79,713
John Nagy AdminServ DumbFriends $ 78,490
Patrick Bergin AfWld $ 77,748
ALAN H. BERGER ExecDir API $ 77,700
Marie Chevrier AsstFlmEd Cousteau $ 77,697
Jeffrey Foster DirRes FreeWilly $ 77,538
Jane Berdie DirEducation AHA $ 76,797
John Fluke DirChildProg AHA $ 76,797
L ARGE ANIMA L SP ECIALIST V ET AVMA $
7 6,360
David Foster, DVM BideAWee $ 76,332
PUBLIC/CORPORATE VET AVM A $
7 6,275
EQUI NE VETERINARIAN AVM A $
7 6,089
John Walsh IntlProjectsDir WSPA $ 76,049
COLLEGE /UNVERSI TY V ET AVMA $
7 5,984
George Wirt PR BideAWee $ 75,925
HOLLY HAZARD ExecDirector DDAL $ 75,894
Edward Powers DirOps AnmlRescLg $ 75,024
RANDALL HAYES Pres Rainforest $ 74,480
Adele Douglass DirectorDC AHA $ 74,292 8
William Snape Law&Leg Defenders $ 73,700
GRETCHEN WYLER Pres ArkTrust $ 73,385
JOYCE TISCHLOER ExecDir ALDF $ 72,813
Robert Dewey DirGovRel Defenders $ 72,600
Ronald H. Cohn VP/Treas Gorilla $ 72,591 14
TOP FINANCIAL OFFICER C&L $
7 1,900
Mark Stanley Price VPAfrica AFWld $ 71,694
Chris Jordan MgingDir CareForWild $ 71,380 15
JAVIER BURGOS Pres/CEO SUPRESS $ 71,244 1 6
Robert Ferris DirConsrv Defenders $ 71,149
Alexander Stewart VP MSPCA $ 71,124
Gould Michael, DVM BideAWee $ 70,941
Richard Wood ExecDir FACT $ 70,923 1 7
Calvin Sandfort Prpgtn Peregrine $ 70,825
Bosmat Gal, DVM AnmlRescLg $ 70,741
Barbara Nadeau HumRes AnmlRescLg $ 70,650
Barbara DiPietro AsstTreas AfWld $ 70,620
Joan Casey Opertns DumbFriends $ 70,580
Nanci Patterson VP EarthJustice $ 70,437
Richard Scwabacher UNrep Cousteau $ 70,158
Michael Rodman HumRes Greenpeace $ 70,017
Christopher Tuite CFO IFAW $ 69,964
MARILEE MENARD ExecDir AMMPA $ 69,785
Richard Watson Projects Peregrine $ 69,520
Lynn Spivak DirPubInfo SF/SPCA $ 69,392 4
Nolan D. Harvey III Cur FreeWilly $ 69,213
BEVERLEE HUGHES Pres FreeWilly $ 69,196
Gus Helberg ExecDir Ct.Humane $ 69,046
Joanna Elliott NairobiDir AfWld $ 68,287
THEO CAPALDO ExecDirector NEAVS $ 68,208
FEDERAL GOVERNMENT VET A V MA $
6 8,153
SMALL ANIMAL VET S PE CI A LI ST A V MA $
6 7,562
Nathan Winograd Law&Advo SF/SPCA $ 67,286 Steve
Ann Chambers Pres ALDF $ 66,417
Top, Compassion in World Farming $
6 6,400
Top, Fossey Gorilla Fnd. Europe $ 66,400
Mariclare Haggarty DirCom NAVS $ 66,300
Sonia Beals PR/Edu AnmlRescLg $ 66,205
Valerie Stanley Attorney ALDF $ 65,796
STATE/LOCAL GOVERNMENT VET AVM A $
6 5,294
PRIVATE PRA CTICE VET AVMA $
6 5,208
Charlie McGinley PrgMgr PetSavers $ 64,269
ESTHER MECHLER Director Spay/USA $ 64,269 18
Gerald Winegrad VicePres ABC $ 63,920
Lisa Levin, DVM AsscHumane $ 63,850
KRISTEN ENGBERG ExecDr Greenpeace $ 63,701
Dryden Evans, DVM AsscHumane $ 62,600
MARSHA SPRING ExDr HSIndianapolis $ 62,400
Dan Matthews DirMediaRel PETA $ 62,370
Marie Dupree Controller Goodall $ 62,295
SMALL ANIMAL GP VET A V MA $
6 1,856
Villartay ProjectDir Cousteau $ 61,574
David Pashley VP AmerBrdCon $ 61,358
Dianne Forthman VP/DirAdmin FoA $ 61,275
Michael McCloskey Chair Sierra $ 61,272
L ARGE ANIMA L GP VET AVMA $
6 1,087
Stephen J. Zulli FinDir Ct.Humane $ 60,149
Steve Slampysak AfWld $ 60,121
MILITARY VETERI NARIAN AVMA $
6 0,097
MARTINE COLETTE ExecDr Waystation $ 60,000
LYNDA FORO President DTFA $ 60,000 1 8
JOSEPH S. VENABLE VP WARDS $ 60,000
ELLIOT KATZ President IDA $ 59,904
Michael Petersdorf ExecAsst AHA $ 59,713
Tim Truvillion DirMaint SF/SPCA $ 59,752
Beverly Kaskey SrVP ArkTrust $ 59,516
Fontaine Hebb-Slorp Develop AHS $ 59,354
Herman Kaufman Attorney FoA $ 59,353
MIXED ANIMAL GP VET AVMA $
59,076
Sharon Krogh AsstDrOps AnmlRescLg $ 58,651
Kevin Connelly DirDevel Gorilla $ 58,582
Gary Stanley DirEdTech Gorilla $ 58,457
TINA NELSON ExecutiveDir AAVS $ 58,384
Linda Petty MgrFinOp NAVS $ 57,000
Tjiska Van Wyk VP EarthJustice $ 56,920
TOP LOBBYIST C&L $ 56,800
ROBERT WENNERS Secty Waystation $ 56,423
Marybeth Sweetland VP PETA $ 56,394
Virginia Landau ChimpZoo Goodall $ 55,571
Deanna Soares ExecDir UAN $ 55,553
Alex Pacheco Chair PETA $ 54,999 19
John Bergman Manager AsscHumane $ 54,815
ROBERT A. BROWN President FACT $ 54,475 1 7
Efrain Melendez ZooKpr AsscHumane $ 54,452
TOP EDITOR/P R PERSON C &L $
53,650
Pamela Frasch ALDF $ 53,379
WILLIAM TRAVERS CEO BornFree $ 52,290
JOHN A. KNOX EXDrVP EarthIsland $ 52,110
DAVID PHILLIPS ExDrVP EarthIsland $ 52,110
A NIMAL SHELTER EXEC. DIR. SAW A $
52,000
Jessica Sandler FedLiaison PETA $ 52,000
Michael J. Winikoff Dir ArkTrust $ 51,354
Bill Clark DirIntl FoA $ 51,124
Dawn Armstrong AsstSecty MSPCA $ 50,475
Stacey Shore, DVM HSIndianapolis $ 50,000
Merrie Morrison VP AmerBrdCon $ 49,875
TOP RESEARCHER C&L $ 49,600
Michael McCally Chair Greenpeace $ 48,959
Julie Crudele Develop Greenpeace $ 45,083
G.T. Craggs ExecMgr CareForWild $ 43,725 15
Bonnie Miller Secty/Treas HFA $ 43,290 20
Eric Mindel ExecDir LastChance $ 43,000 21
Thomas Wetterer Atty Greenpeace $ 42,896
Ellen McPeake Fin/Dev Greenpeace $ 42,730
WILLIAM JORDAN, DVM CareForWild $ 41,500 15
ANNA C. BRIGGS Director NHES $ 40,769
Carla Campbell-Robinson SeaShphrd $ 40,568 22
Michael Harold Campgns Greenpeace $ 40,408
CEO, budget >$1 millio n C& L $ 41,40 0
REBECCA ROBINSON Dir AlleyCat $ 40,000
Valerie Shand COO SeaShepherd $ 40,000 22
LOUISE HOLTON Dir AlleyCat $ 38,077
Cathy Liss ExecutiveDir AWI $ 37,795
Teri A. Barnato NatlDir AVAR $ 37,753
Mike Markarian ExecVP Fund $ 37,500
VET TECH, RESEARCH NAVTA $
37,410
James D. Taylor President NHES $ 37,270
CAROL ASVESTAS VP WildAnmlOrph $ 36,747
PAT DERBY President Performing $ 36,141 23
Ed Stewart Sec/Tr Performing $ 36,141 2 3
Lisa Distefano Dir SeaShepherd $ 35,321 2 2
VET TECH, I NDUSTRY NAVTA $
35,833
CHRIS DeROSE Pres LastChance $ 34,662
A NIMAL SHELTER ASST. DIR. SAWA $
34,050
Charleen Tyson Controller MSPCA $ 33,496
VET TECH, EDUCATION NAVTA $
33,254
VET TECH, FED/STATE GOV. NAVTA $
33,125
Hector Menjivar Trustee Holiday $ 32,858
BRAD MILLER President HFA $ 32,678 20
Mary Dykes Scty/Treas OwensFndtn $ 32,200
CHIEF HUMANE INVE ST IGATOR S AWA $
30,737
Jonathan Depeyer Dir BestFriends $ 30,188
Celeste Fripp Secty BestFriends $ 30,188
Chris A. Fripp Treas BestFriends $ 30,188
Michael Mountain Dir BestFriends $ 30,188
Gregory Castle 2ndVP BestFriends $ 30,187
Ernest Eckhoff Dir BestFriends $ 30,187
Faith Maloney Pres BestFriends $ 30,187
Alfred Battista 1stVP BestFriends $ 30,083
VET TECH, COUNTY/CITY NAVTA $
29,166
PUBLICATION S COORDINATOR SAWA $
28,000
Tina Lococo-Mosio Secty FACT $ 27,138 1 7
VET TECH, N ONPROFIT NAVTA $
27,000
KIM BARTLETT Publisher ANMLPEPL $ 27,000 24
Merritt Clifton Editor ANMLPEPL $ 27,000 24
VET TECH, SP ECIALTY PRACT NAVTA $
26,693
VET TECH, EMERGENCY PRACT NAVTA $
26,500
VET TECH, EQUI NE P RACTICE N A VTA $
26,500
VET TECH, AG PRA CTICE N A VTA $
25,520
Scott Blais VicePres ElephSanct $ 25,200

INGRID NEWKIRK President PETA $ 25,000
LORRI BAUSTON Pres FarmSanctuary $ 24,450 2 5
Chris Depeyer Dir BestFriends $ 24,225
ALEX HERSHAFT President FARM $ 23,900 26
A NIMA L CONTROL OFFICER SAWA $
23,60 0
Holly McNulty SecTr FarmSanctuary $ 23,526
Gene Bauston VP FarmSanctuary $ 22,952 25
Stephen Tello Secty Primates $ 22,440 27
Charles McGrady President Sierra $ 22,000
Mark Graham GraphicArtist ARI $ 20,000
Gail Smith-Gliss $$Mgr Greenpeace $ 18,767 28
A NIMA L HEALTH TECHNICI AN S AWA $
17,57 6
NINA NATELSON President CHAI $ 16,716
Sieglinde Friedman AsstSec AfWld $ 14,359
WALLY SWETT Pres Primates $ 13,000 27
Saija McGlond AsstDirector CHAI $ 12,666
Sylvia Earle Boardmember NRDC $ 12,500
Evelyn M. Moshier Pres WARDS $ 10,400
KAREN DAVIS Pres UnitedPoultry $ 9,970
Gene Chontos Secty/Tr WildBurro $ 9,200 29
KEN SHAPIRO ExecDir PsyETA $ 7,500
CAROL BUCKLEY Pres ElephSanct $ 6,000
ROBIN DUXBURY Pres ProjectEquus $ 1,267 30
DIANA CHONTOS Pres WildBurro (none) 2 9
LEO GRILLO Pres DELTARescue (none)
STEVE HINDI President SHARK (none)
ELISABETH LEWYT Chair NorthShore (none)
SHIRLEY McGREAL Chair IPPL (none)
MARY LYNN PARKER Pres TigerHaven (none) 31
FRANCINE PATTERSON Pres Gorilla (none) 1 4
MARIAN PROBST President Fund (none)
TANYA SMITH President Turpentine (none) 3 2
CHRISTINE STEVENS President AWI (none)
PAUL WATSON Captain SeaShepherd (none)

Selected opposition salaries
Donald Thomas NatlCEO CancerSoc $490,777
RJ. NcGuinness Jr. Ops CancerSoc $483,235
JOHN SEFFRIN, MD CEO CancerSoc $475.799
Harmon Eyre, MD Resrch CancerSoc $411,695
MATTHEW CONNOLLY JR. ExecVP Ducks $346,882 3 3
Don A. Young ExecVP Ducks $323,021 33
Harry M. Johns Market CancerSoc $298,468
WAYNE R. LAPIERRE JR. ExecVP NRA $270,049
Craig D. Sandler ExecDir NRA $238,192
James L. Ware GroupManager Ducks $233,098
Wilson Phillips Jr. Treas NRA $226,015
Edward J. Land Jr. Secty NRA $224,497
Tanya K. Metaska ExecDirLeg NRA $205,686
Randy L. Graves CFO Ducks $202,821
William J. Stranahan GrpMgr Ducks $199,845
William A. Wentz GroupMgr Ducks $172,903
David T. Riley DirHumRes Ducks $157,589
Jonathon Kronsberg DirDev Ducks $153,065
Bill R. Willsey ExecSecty Ducks $151,994
WALTER PIDGEON JR. CEO WCFA/WLFA $109,497 34
Richard K. Story VP WCFA/WLFA $ 92,070 3 4
Mary Brennan VicePres FBR $ 88,000
JACQUIE CALNAN Pres/Sec AMP $ 73,718
Lynn O’Connell VP/Treas AMP $ 60,282
James J. Baker ExecDirILA NRA $ 39,615

Compensation notes

1 – Includes compensation
from nine I F A W affiliates. C h r i s –
topher Tuite was paid on a part-time
basis. Also in 1999, IFAW paid
$197,296 to the Boston law firm
Rackemann, Sawyer & Brewster,
in which IFAW board member and
legal counsel Michael O’Connell is a
partner. IFAW in lieu of disclosing
the top five salaries paid to non-board
members reported on IRS Form 990,
Schedule A, part I that, “During the
current year, more than 86% of each
key employee’s compensation was
reimbursed by the other [IFAW affiliate] organizations [for which work
was done.]” But the purpose of
Schedule A, part I is not to explain
where compensation comes from.
Rather, the section is meant to
enable donors to decide if compensation
is reasonable and in keeping with
charitable purposes. Standard practice
is to disclose total compensation
exceeding $50,000 from all affiliates
of an organization combined, and
then footnote as necessary to explain
divisions of duties and pay sources.
2 – John C. Sawhill, 6 3 ,
president of The Nature Conservancy
since 1990, died on 5/18/2000.
3 – Peggy & Kenneth
C u n n i f f are wife and husband.
N A V S Form 990 filings in 1989-
1994 identified Kenneth Cunniff as
an independent contractor. A N IMAL
PEOPLE pointed out in June
1996 that his pay from NAVS often
exceeds $100,000/year plus use of a
vehicle, while he runs his own law
firm. Since then, NAVS lists him as
“Kenneth Cunniff, Ltd.”
4 – Richard Avanzino left
t h e San Francisco SPCA o n
12/31/98, to head Maddie’s Fund.
The amount shown here was his last
six months’ salary, a payout of accumulated
unused vacation time and
sick leave, and a pension plan adjustment.
Lynn Spivak was among
many former SF/SPCA senior staff
who followed Avanzino to Maddie’s
Fund. Succeeding Avanzino at the
SF/SPCA was Ed Sayres, formerly
head of PETsMART Charities and,
before that, the animal division of
the American Humane Association.
5 – A note from D e n v e r
Dumb Friends League d i r e c t o r
Robert Rohde explained that, “All
employees were paid out for unused
vacation time” in 1999, as a “onetime
deal,” for which Rohde collected
$20,384 amassed over 26 years.
6 – William & Patricia
Burnham are husband and wife.
7 – The Connecticut
Humane Society reported the payment
of $260,078 in salary and benefits
to officers, directors, trustees,
and key employees, but omitted the
name of president Richard Johnston,
whose compensation is estimated
by subtracting the amounts paid to
executive director Gus Helberg a n d
finance director Stephen Zulli. Past
Connecticut Humane Society filings
indicate no one else to whom any of
the balance might be paid.
8 – Robert F.X. Hart l e f t
AHA in October 1999. His successor
is six-year AHA board member
Timothy O’Brien. Carol Moulton
left AHA in June 1999. Her post was
filled by Connie Howard. A d e l e
D o u g l a s s is now executive director
of Farm Animal Services Inc., a
new “stand-alone nonprofit organization”
formed by the AHA to run its
Free Farmed Certificate Program.
9 – Andrew Dickson
heads WSPA worldwide.
1 0 – Bonnie Brown,
DVM, left the North Shore Animal
League America in October 1999.
She is not the same person as
Bonney A. Brown of Best Friends.
11 – The CEO of D o g s
Home Battersea is Duncan Green.
12 – The CEO of the
National Canine Defence League is
Clarissa Baldwin.
13 – Mark & Delia Owens
are husband and wife. Their first
book, Cry of the Kalahari ( 1 9 8 5 ) ,
exposed the deaths from starvation
and thirst of thousands of migrating
wildebeests whose route through
Botswana was blocked by cattle fencing
funded by international development
grants. Rousted from Botswana,
Mark and Delia Owens moved
to Zambia, where in 1986 they
formed the North Luanga Conservation
Project to fight poaching by
improving the local economy. They
left Zambia after an ABC T u r n i n g
P o i n t episode seemed to implicate
Mark Owens in killing a wounded
poacher, despite the statement of
Turning Point senior producer Janice
Tomlin that, “I can assure you in the
strongest way that neither Mark nor
Delia Owens nor any other North
Luanga Conservation Project staff
were even in the area.” Since 1998
Mark and Delia Owens have done
surveying for the proposed reintroduction
of grizzly bears to the
Bitterroot region of Idaho. An
October 2000 report to the agricul

ture ministry of Botswana by
British consultant Scott Wilson
affirmed the Owens’ 1985 contention
that no more long livestock
fences should be built there.
1 4 – Ronald Cohn a n d
Francine Patterson are identified
by other media as “partners.”
15 – Chris Jordan is son
of William Jordan, founder of
Care For The Wild. G.T. Craggs
is husband of trustee V. Craggs.
16 – Javier Burgos leases
an office to S U P R E S S d.b.a T h e
Nature of Wellness, at $22,800
per year. Hoorik Davoudian,
SUPRESS vice president, took no
salary in 1999. Her firm, N e w
Health Inc., was paid $88,800 for
“Programs/campaigns design
implementation and management.”
17 – FACT compensation
plus compensation from Nest Eggs
Inc., a for-profit FACT subsidiary.
18 – Esther Mechler
founded Spay/USA in 1990. It
became a Pet Savers Foundation
program in 1993. Lynda Foro
began Doing Things For Animals
in 1993. Hired by Pet Savers in
1999, Foro continues DTFA,
which is still independent, as part
of her duties.
19 – Alex Pacheco l e f t
P E T A at the end of 1999 to
cofound Humane America.
20 – Bonnie & Brad
Miller are wife and husband.
21 – Eric Mindell l e f t
Last Chance For Animals i n
January 2000 to take a job with
One2One Care Inc., an online
veterinary information service.
Replacing Mindell at LCA is campaign
director Jennifer Winikoff.
22 – Carla CampbellRobinson
and Lisa Distefano have
left the Sea Shepherd Conservation
Society. Valerie Shand
succeeded Campbell-Robinson.
2 3 – Pat Derby a n d E d
S t e w a r t are partners. P A W S p r ovides
their housing and vehicles.
2 4 – Kim Bartlett &
Merritt Clifton are wife/husband.
25 – Lorri & Gene Baust
o n are wife and husband. They
also receive housing and transportation
from Farm Sanctuary.
26 – Alex Hershaft is not
paid a salary but rents office space
to FARM.
2 7 – Stephen Tello a n d
Wally Swett also receive housing
from Primarily Primates.
28 – Gail Smith-Gliss
was hired in midyear.
2 9 – Gene & Diana
Chontos are husband and wife.
3 0 – Robin Duxbury i s
not paid but is reimbursed for
expenses.
31 – Mary Lynn Parker
is wife of Joseph Donovan
P a r k e r, the main public voice of
Tiger Haven until August 2000,
when––days after the Parkers posed
together in a photo for the Christian
Science Monitor––Mary Lynn
Parker said she had sued him for
divorce. Joe Parker is a longtime
bingo operator whose games have
repeatedly been halted by Tennessee
and Kentucky law enforcement.
Accused of skimming
$50,000 in 1986-1997 from bingo
games held to benefit a nursery
school and kindergarten, Parker
turned prosecution witness in a
joint federal/state probe of alleged
bingo gambling corruption. His 8-
month sentence for conspiracy and
tax evasion was cut to three months
in a halfway house. He opened a
bingo hall to benefit Tiger Haven in
May 1994. It closed in 1996.
32 – Turpentine Creek
cofounder Tanya Alexenia Syrenia
S m i t h, a.k.a. Tanya Gonzelez
Smith in 1998 settled charges originally
filed as felonious theft of public
benefits by pleading guilty to
illegal use of food stamps. Smith
allegedly declared in applying for
food stamps and Medicaid that she
and her son had no income other
than the son’s Social Security payments,
and had no other resources.
Turpentine Creek had paid Smith
$5,000 per month rent since April
1, 1994; paid her $20,000 plus 5%
interest, 1992-1994; and paid her
$34,122 from January 1995 to the
date the case was filed. Smith was
also paid for leasing two vehicles to
the foundation until July 1, 1997.
The current Turpentine Creek IRS
Form 990 filing declares that “Title
of refuge land is in the name of the
president (Smith), and is reflected
on the foundation’s books as being
leased from her at the same cost as
her mortgage payment. This is a
book entry only, with no actual
money paid to the foundation’s
president. All mortgage payments
are made by the foundation. Living
facilities at the refuge are furnished
to the on-site managers so they can
be readily available to care for the
animals.” Thus it appears that
Smith receives housing plus equity
in the 450-acre site, relatively little
of which is actually used for the
care of sanctuary animals.

Opposition
3 3 – Don A. Young s u cceeded
Matthew Connally as head
of Ducks Unlimited.
34 – Combined compensation
from both the Wildlife Conservation
Fund of America a n d
the Wildlife Legislative Fund of
America, which are affiliates.

Opposition
OO – The American Cancer
S o c i e t y spent $103,560,046 in 1999 to fund
research, including $83.9 million in direct
grants and allocations.
PP – U.S. Surgical Corp. f o u n d e r
Leon Hirsch, also founder and longtime chief
funder of Americans for Medical Progress,
“formally resigned from the board of directors
in June 1999,” AMP president J a c q u i e
Calnan told ANIMAL PEOPLE, adding that
“Our last contribution from U.S. Surgical was
in the fall of 1998. We receive no funding
from Tyco Intl. Ltd., which bought USSC,”
Calnan said.
QQ – Data is from a “summary Form
990 [ w h i c h ] provides combined financial
information for Ducks Unlimited Inc. a n d
Wetlands America Trust [A DU subsidiary] as if a combined Form 990 had been filed,”
sent by Ducks Unlimited along with separate
990s for each entity.
R R – The National Trappers
A s s o c i a t i o n filing of IRS Form 990 failed to
identify management and fundraising expense,
but listed “Fundraising–– Sale of organizationrelated
materials” as its primary program service
accomplishment. An attached statement
acknowledged fundraising sweepstakes costs
of $125,105.
SS – The Wildlife Conservation
Fund of America a n d Wildlife Legislative
Fund of America share management, staff,
and facilities. WCFA in 1999 granted $45,800
to the British Field Sports Society, to help
defend fox hunting.

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