WHO GETS THE MONEY? BUDGETS, ASSETS, FUNDRAISING, AND OVERHEAD

From ANIMAL PEOPLE, December 1994:

BUDGETS, ASSETS, FUNDRAISING, AND OVERHEAD

The major national animal and habitat protection
groups are listed below in alphabetical order, together with
selected other organizations of note. Each group is identified in
the second column by apparent focus and philosophy: Astands
for advocacy, C for conservation of habitat via acquisition, E
for education, H for support of hunting (either for “wildlife
management” or recreation), L for litigation, P for publica-
tion, R for animal rights, S for shelter and sanctuary mainte-
nance, V for focus on vivisection issues, and W for animal
welfare. The R and W designations are used only when an
organization seems to have made a point of being one or the
other. Although many groups are involved in multiple activi-
ties, space limits us to providing only four identifying letters.

Except where otherwise stated, the financial data
comes from current Internal Revenue Service Form 990 filings,
covering either calendar year or fiscal year 1993.
To place these numbers in perspective, consider that
the National Charities Information Bureau requires approved
charities to spend at least 60% of their budgets on programs,
not including direct mail associated with fundraising. This
standard is stricter––and more indicative of an organization’s
priorities––than the IRS rules, which allow charities to write
off some direct mail costs as program service under the heading
of “public education.” Thus the figures that organizations
declare and the figures as amended in accordance with NCIB
guidelines are often very different. The % column states each
organization’s overhead and fundraising costs as declared to the
IRS. The ADJ column states those costs as they would be
under NCIB guidelines. Differences appear in boldface.
Groups which have large endowments and therefore
receive a great deal of interest tend to have lower overhead
because they are not obliged to spend as much on fundraising.
The seventh through ninth columns provide data on
assets. Note that shelters and sanctuaries tend to have more
fixed assets (land, buildings, and equipment) because of the
nature of their work.
The NCIB also suggests that, “Usually, the organi-
zation’s net assets available for the following fiscal year should
not be more than twice the higher of the current year’s expenses
or the next year’s budget.” Remember, though, that not all
cash and securities are actually available; many older organiza-
tions derive half or more of their income from interest.
ORGANIZATION TYPE BUDGET PROGRAMS OVERHEAD % ADJ ASSETS FIXED CASH/SECUR. NOTE
African Wildlife Foundation AE $ 3,776,679 $ 2,878,298 $ 898,381 24% 33% $ 2,634,663 $ 346,020 $ 1,970,868
Amer. Anti-Vivisection Society AEV $ 956,303 $ 643,110 $ 313,193 33% 33% $ 6,963,914 $ 31,996 $ 6,930,711
Amer. Assn. of Zoos & Aquariums AE $ 1,856,876 $ 1,701,129 $ 155,747 8% 8% $ 3,651,492 $ 668,204 $ 2,955,758 1
AFAAR V $ 56,949 $ 56,660 $ 289 >1% >1% $ 36,950 $ (none) $ 36,950 2
American Humane Association AEW $ 4,985,731 $ 3,919,082 $ 1,066,649 21% 21% $ 5,924,156 $ 2,536,095 $ 2,221,678 3
American Horse Protection Assn. AE $ 266,545 $ 168,096 $ 98,449 37% 37% $ 44,662 $ 8,844 $ 47,383
American SPCA AES $ 22,242.264 $ 18,501,755 $ 5,740,509 26% 27% $ 55,801,378 $ 25,685,054 $ 28,517,067
Animal Legal Defense Fund (IRS could find no current Form 990 on file; ALDF, which spent up to 65% of its 1992 budget on fundraising, refused our direct requests for one.)
ANIMAL PEOPLE P $ 99,600 $ 85,541 $ 14,059 14% 14% $ 18,447 $ 12,574 $ 5,523
Animal Protection Institute AE $ 1,484,984 $ 997,740 $ 487,244 33% 33% $ 426,818 $ 316,643 $ 20,474
Animal Rights International AER $ 102,434 $ 96,082 $ 6,352 6% 6% $ 108,329 $ 1,653 $ 76,437
ARM! (Chicago) AER $ 22,054 $ 15,927 $ 6,127 28% 28% $ 912 $ 538 $ 374
Animal Rights Mobilization AE $ 97,859 $ 47,281 $ 50,578 52% 52% $ 19,674 $ 6,095 $ 13,579 4
Animal Rights Network P $ 278,071 $ 199,016 $ 79,055 28% 28% $ 34,292 $ 11,800 $ 6,935 5
Animal Welfare Institute AE $ 757,227 $ 645,805 $ 111,422 17% 17% $ 593,829 $ 9,408 $ 105,844
Beauty Without Cruelty USA AE $ 16,550 $ 14,725 $ 1,835 11% 11% $ 13,361 $ (none) $ 13,361
Comm. to Abolish Sport Hunting (Reactivated under new president Anne Muller, CASH was inactive during fiscal 1993 due to founder Luke Dommer’s death on 8/18/92.)
Conc. for Help. Anmls. in Israel AE $ 106,236 $ 101,354 $ 4,882 5% 5% $ 5,606 $ (none) $ 5,606
Conservation Intl. AE $ 11,225,319 $ 8,871,620 $ 2,353,699 21% 21% $ 4,349,334 $ 372,351 $ 2,787,575
Cousteau Society AE $ 16,893,018 $ 13,864,732 $ 3,028,286 18% 18% $ 11,876,155 $ 794,468 $ 1,286,704
Defenders of Animal Rights S $ 665,802 $ 497,515 $ 168,287 25% 39% $ 2,096,799 $ 1,536,925 $ 365,355 6
Defenders of Wildlife AEH $ 5,705,580 $ 4,508,593 $ 1,196,987 21% 23% $ 5,696,580 $ 328,841 $ 2,904,976
Doris Day Animal League AER $ 1,421,856 $ 1,032,409 $ 389,447 27% 96% $ 174,927 $
7,687 $ 283,732
Earth Island Institute AE $ 2,735,084 $ 2,199,460 $ 535,624 20% 42% $ 1,128,559 $ 23,445 $ 1,015,163 7
Farm Animal Reform Movement AER $ 117,702 $ 104,242 $ 13,460 11% 11% $ 7,474 $ (none) $ 7,474
Farm Sanctuary AES $ 656,594 $ 530,054 $ 126,540 19% 35% $ 1,046,756 $ 783,696 $ 242,837 8
Friends of Animals AER $ 4,059,643 $ 3,256,230 $ 784,540 19% 26% $ 2,631,255 $ 66,691 $ 2,171,019
Fund for Animals AERS $ 2,662,645 $ 1,911,909 $ 750,736 28% 38% $ 10,845,870 $ 841,210 $ 9,702,105
Greenpeace USA AE $ 13,431,626 $ 11,597,666 $ 1,833,960 14% 14% $ 18,902,832 $ 214,742 $ 8,970,319
Humane Farming Association AE $ 1,115,794 $ 925,921 $ 189,873 17% 28% $ 1,680,430 $ 407,487 $ 1,255,201
Humane Society of the U.S. AEW $ 20,381,958 $ 12,383,942 $ 5,547,806 27% 33% $ 41,335,492 $ 9,241,994 $ 30,008,802
In Defense of Animals AER $ 996,906 $ 772,315 $ 224,591 23% 46% $ 249,773 $ 7,880 $ 114,452
Intl. Fund for Animal Welfare AE $ 3,454,315 $ 2,437,870 $ 1,016,445 27% 54% $ 2,590,868 $ 1,632.021 $ 564,285 9
Intl. Primate Protection Lg. AES $ 348,842 $ 252,216 $ 96,626 28% 51% $ 385,069 $ 287,838 $ 86,430 10
Intl. Soc. for Animal Rights AE $ 462,457 $ 327,706 $ 134,661 29% 34% $ 514,170 $ 121,377 $ 295,887
Intl. Wildlife Coalition AE $ 2,789,156 $ 2,210,358 $ 516,798 19% 21% $ 1,122,189 $ 910,335 $ 95,345
Los Angeles SPCA S $ 4,540,270 $ 2,401,267 $ 2,139,003 53% (Info taken from annual report; assets and salaries not included.)
Massachusetts SPCA AESW $ 21,324,278 $ 17,335,336 $ 3,988,942 19% 19% $ 58,484,023 $ 9,054,627 $ 49,446,119 11
Michigan Humane Society S $ 4,731,055 $ 3,244,013 $ 1,160,389 25% 25% $ 4,970,186 $ 2,652,583 $ 1,997,088
Natl. Anti-Vivisection Soc. AEV (IRS could find no current Form 990 for NAVS on file; NAVS repeatedly refused direct requests for the information.)
12
Natl. Humane Education Soc. S $ 3,422,494 $ 2,645,127 $ 777,367 23% 50% $ 474,068 $ 361,234 $ 79,863 13
Natl. Wildlife Federation AEH $ 83,574,187 $ 71,649,155 $ 7,860,825 10% 12% $ 52,891,144 $ 10,135,206 $ 13,469,071
The Nature Conservancy C $219,284,534 $177,677,216 $41,607,318 19% 19% $915,664,531 $536,953,180 $281,293,000
New England Anti-Viv. Soc. AERV $ 1,397,578 $ 1,146.610 $ 250,968 18% 18% $ 5,898,259 $ 879,329 $ 4,905,903
New York Zoological Society SE $ 66,321,898 $ 59,522,742 $ 6,799,156 11% 11% $126,149,527 $ none listed $ 16,952,488
North Shore Animal League S $ 40,174,124 $ 28,438,690 $11,735,434 29% 29% $ 51,674,439 $ 13,749,412 $ 35,775,487 14
PETA AER $ 8,624,766 $ 6,422,056 $ 2,202,710 26% 31% $ 5,744,544 $ 885,982 $ 5,730,710
Phys. Comm. for Resp. Medicine AER $ 1,070,601 $ 888,490 $ 182,111 17% 21% $ 44,040 $ 34,579 $ 32,214
Primarily Primates S $ 400,539 $ 239,273 $ 161,266 40% 47% $ 351,044 $ 353,825 $ 37,248
Sea Shepherd Conserv. Soc. AE $ 529,678 $ 479,452 $ 80,226 17% 17% $ 674,068 $ 344,954 $ 327,378
Sierra Club AE $ 40,961,805 $ 32,061,811 $ 8,899,994 22% 22% $ 13,032,770 $ 4,188,026 $ 14,597,797
United Animal Nations AE $ 392,508 $ 300,153 $ 91,957 23% 38% $ 99,604 $ 15,917 $ 79,264
United Poultry Concerns AER $ 14,754 $ 10,962 $ 3,792 26% 26% $ 11,794 $ 1,194 $ 10,170
Wilderness Society AE $ 16,480,668 $ 12,371,177 $ 4,109,491 25% 48% $ 4,191,419 $ 385,212 $ 6,019,608
World Soc. for Prot. of Animals (IRS could find no current Form 990 for WSPA on file; WSPA promised to send one, but failed to get it to us by deadline.)
World Wildlife Fund AE $ 54,663,771 $ 47,908,852 $ 6,754,919 12% 27% $ 39,460,024 $ 2,533,431 $ 42,945,391 15
Selected opposition organizations:
Americans for Medical Progress AE $ 1,059,012 $ 1,045,953 $ 13,059 1% 1% $ 143,006 $ 35,590 $ 111,726 16
Animal Industry Foundation AE $ 165,914 $ 54,445 $ 111,469 67% 67% $ 234,204 $ 2,189 $ 228,526 17
Ducks Unlimited CH $ 60,629,671 $ 45,016,127 $15,613,542 26% 26% $ 30,845,963 $ 11,283,333 $ 8,085,309
Fndtn. for Biomed. Research AE $ 943,219 $ 757,456 $ 185,763 20% 20% $ 3,974,965 $ none listed $ 3,970,534
Natl. Assn. for Biomed. Resrch. AE $ 704,404 $ 525,023 $ 179,381 26% 26% $ 1,748,920 $ 2,912 $ 1,731,466
National Rifle Association AE (For the second year in a row, the National Rifle Association obtained permission to file a late return. At deadline it still had not filed.)
Putting People First AE $ 113,347 $ 74,269 $ 39,078 34% 43% $ 18,520 $ none listed $ 10,012 18
Safari Club International AE $ 3,727,694 $ 2,528,187 $ 1,199,507 32% 32% $ 6,300,073 $ 3,716,307 $ 1,159,649
Wildlife Legislative Fund of America & Wildlife Legislative Foundation of America (At deadline these two affiliated groups still had not filed for 1993.)
INDIVIDUAL COMPENSATION (EXECUTIVES, DIRECTORS, TOP-PAID STAFF AND CONSULTANTS)
The Pay column below combines salaries,
pension plan contributions for those whose organiza-
tions have a pension plan, and expense accounts for
the relative handful of individuals who are not required
to itemize expenses.
Four sets of salary norms are presented in
boldface. Norms identified as SAWA come from the
1993 Society of Animal Welfare Administrators sur-
vey of Salary and Personnel Practices. Norms identi-
fied as C&Lcome from theCoopers & Lybrandpub-
lication Compensation in Not-for-Profit Organizations.
Norms identified as A L & A come from a survey of
1,377 nonprofit organizations conducted by A b b o t t ,
Langer & Associates, as summarized in the
September 6, 1994 edition of The Chronicle of
P h i l a n t h r o p y. Norms identified as T P come from a
Towers Perrinsurvey of 321 of the 400 biggest chari-
ties in the U.S., as summarized in the October 4, 1994
edition of the Chronicle of Philanthropy.
Only six groups listed in these tables rank
among the top 400: the Nature Conservancy (28),
World Wildlife Fund (130), Ducks Unlimited (154),
North Shore Animal League (192), National Wildlife
Federation (315), and Wilderness Society (381).
Individual Position Group Pay Note
Russell Train Retired WWF $349,660 A
David Ganz Terminated NSAL $313,588 B
JAY HAIR President NWF $299,876
WILLIAM CONWAY Gen. Dir. NY Zoo $258,591
JOHN HOYT CEO HSUS $210,611
KATHRYN FULLER President WWF $201,650
Huando Torres Sr. Inv. ASPCA $198,843 C
CEO, budget <$10 million C&L
$198,200
Paul Irwin Pres./Tr. HSUS $195,288
ROGER CARAS President ASPCA $185,940
CEO, budget <$25 million AL&A
$185,244
JOHN STEVENSON President NSAL $184,215 D
GUS THORNTON President MSPCA $178,285 E
Paige MacDonald Exec. VP WWF $174,400
BRIAN DAVIES CEO IFAW $169,265 F
William Howard Exec. VP NWF $165,577
John McKew Dir.Admin.NY Zoo $165,162
JEAN-MICHEL COUSTEAU Pres.Coust. $164,933 G
CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFICER TP
$159,400
PETER SELIGMANN Chair ConsIntl $156,190
Richard Lattis City Zoos NY Zoo $155,680
James Meeuwsen Pub. Aff.NY Zoo $155,680
John Hoare ComptrollerNY Zoo $155,680
Ronald Jolly Kennel wrk.ASPCA $152,381
PAUL SCHINDLER Pres. Afr.Wild. $152,240 C
Russ Mittermeier Pres. ConsIntl $150,864
Frederick Richards Wr/Pro Coust. $143,009
W. WILLIAM WEEKS CEO NatCon $142,372
Joel D. Thomas Secretary NWF $138,818
CEO, budget $10-25 million AL&A
$135,000
ROGER SCHLICKEISEN Pres.Defend. $134,266
Alric Clay Sr. VP NWF $131,750
James Leape Senior VP WWF $130,800
Francis DiCicco TreasurerNWF $128,627
Geoffrey Barnard VP NatCon $126,535
Steve McCormick Reg. Dir. NatCon $127,624
Kelvin Taketa Reg. Dir.NatCon $125,175
Edward Hamilton DVM NSAL $124,516 C
John Heyl Vice Pres.ConsIntl $124,366
Robert Strohm VP-public. NSW $123,213
John Noble Gen. Counsel WWF $123,170
Jorge Morales Foreman ASPCA $121,998
Richard Moore Exec. Dir. IFAW $121,852 F
L. Gregory Low VP NatCon $119,232
SYDNEY BUTLER Exec. Dir.AAZPA $117,592
Joseph Taliento Kennel wrk.ASPCA $117,552
TOP LEGAL POSITION TP $117,500
Alan Lamson VP-Promo NWF $117,476
John Flicker Reg. Dir.NatCon $117,188
Bradford Northrop VP NatCon $116,977
John Humke VP NatCon $115,926
John C. Cook VP NatCon $115,320
Ray Cutler VP NatCon $115,220
DEPUTY CHIEF EXECUTIVE TP
$113,600
James Carpenter DVM MSPCA $113,719 C
KARIN SHELDON Act. Pres.WldSoc $113,620
Bruce Runnels VP NatCon $113,537
Paul Gambardella DVM MSPCA $112,894
Grant Thompson Exec. VPWildSoc $111,625
CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER C&L
$111,100
Robert Wagner CEO AAZPA $110,899
H. Finkelstein Asst. Tr. ASPCA $109,651 C
Robert Steele VP-FinanceCousteau $107,472
CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER C&L
$111,100
Robert Wagner CEO AAZPA $110,899
H. Finkelstein Asst. Tr. ASPCA $109,651 C
Robert Steele VP-Finance Cousteau $107,472
Diana McMeekin Exec. VP Afr.Wild. $107,342 C
Charles Bassett Reg. Dir. NatCon $106,993
Deborah Sorondo Ass Secty.Sierra $106,159
John Jensen VP, Devel. NWF $105,407
Charles Westfield DVM ASPCA $105,131
Neil Harpster DVM MSPCA $105,025
J. Martin Caovano VP NatCon $104,929
Steve Rubin (unstated)ConsIntl $104,482
Natalie Wough VP-Devel. WWF $103,550
Michael Wright Sr. Fellow WWF $103,550
Henri JacquierVP-Europe Cousteau $102,828
Michael Arms Shelter Dir. NSAL $102,487
Mary Hanley VP WildSoc $101,875
Patricia Forkan VP HSUS $101,854
Dennis Donald Reg. Dir. NatCon $101,815
Rebecca Wodder VP WildSoc $100,375
Anita Gottlieb Sen.VP Defenders $100,360
Richard Murphy VP-Sci/Edu Coust. $100,098
Mark Shaffer VP WildSoc $ 98,500
John Grandy VP HSUS $ 98,326
Lawrence Amon VP Finance WWF $ 98,221
Gary Hartshorn VP, R&D WWF $ 98,100
TOP LEGAL POSITION C&L $ 97,900
CARL POPE Exec. Dir.Sierra $ 97,682
TOP SCIENTIFIC RESEARCHER TP $
96,700
Paula DiPerna VP-IntnatlCousteau $ 96,530
Michael Aronson DVM MSPCA $ 96,277 C
Michael Bernstein DVM MSPCA $ 96,036
Charles Vinick VP-Bus. Cousteau $ 95,578
Michael Francisc Forest WildSoc $ 94,250
Gail Bingham VP, Resolv. WWF $ 94,001
CEO, budget $1-$10 million C&L $
93,800
James Nations Vice Pres.ConsIntl $ 91,956
Roderic Mast Vice Pres.ConsIntl $ 90,196
Norman Schwartz Consult.ConsIntl $ 89,338
ROBERT HART President AHA $ 89,188
Louis Barnes Asst. Tr. Sierra $ 89,065
Bennett Beach Public Aff.WildSoc $ 88,875
Michael Fox VP HSUS $ 88,069
TOP ADMINISTRATOR TP $ 87,900
Roger Kindler VP HSUS $ 87,282
Jan Hartke VP HSUS $ 87,115
TOP ADMINISTRATOR TP $ 87,900
Roger Kindler VP HSUS $ 87,282
Jan Hartke VP HSUS $ 87,115
Nancy Green BLM Prog.WildSoc $ 85,546
Jeff Olsen Depty. VP WildSoc $ 85,375
Christopher Thollaug Dir.Sierra $ 85,200
Mark Plotkin Vice Pres. ConsIntl $ 85,145
Eliz. McCorkle VP Fin/AdAfr.Wild $ 85,097
Individual Position Group Pay Note
Tom Waite Asst. Tr. HSUS $ 84,384
Silvio Oliveri Vice PresConsIntl $ 83,899
James Deane Editor Defenders $ 83,300
Allen Smith Alaska Dir.WldSoc $ 82,700
David Wills VP HSUS $ 82,027
TOP FUNDRAISER TP $ 81,600
Patricia Kelly Vice Pres ConsIntl $ 81,847
CEO, budget $5-10 million AL&A $
80,000
DEPUTY CEO
C&L $ 79,900
Tod Heilser Vice Pres. ConsIntl $ 79,822
M. Stanley Price VP AfrAfr.Wild. $ 79,019
Bonnie Brown DVM NSAL $ 79,549
Barbara Bucovetsky CrtGrp NSAL $ 78,950
Kristin Vehrs Lobbyist AAZPA $ 77,436
Murdaugh Madden VP HSUS $ 77,388
Don Hellman Acting VP Wild Soc $ 73,913
Pat Schene Child Prot. AHA $ 77,056
TOP FINANCIAL OFFICER TP $ 76,300
Hedwig Bienvenu Film edit.Coust. $ 74,807
Michael Hutchins Dir.Cons. AAZPA $ 72,796
Linda Boyd Dir.Memb. AAZPA $ 72,796
Karen Brazeau Logistics Cousteau $ 72,781
Herman Kaufman Legal Cons. FoA $ 72,000
TOP FINANCIAL OFFICER C&L $
71,900
Janet Fesler Asst. Secty. WWF $ 71,667
REGIONAL OFFICE HEAD TP $ 70,600
Thomas Watkins VP/Editor WildSoc $ 70,594
TOP LOBBYIST
TP $ 70,550
Sara Vickerman St.Con.Dr.Defend. $ 70,429
Dannis White Anim. Prot. AHA $ 70,208
Randall Lockwood VP HSUS $ 69,745
Arthur Keefe Dir. Dev. HSUS $ 69,265
Dennis Fruitt (unstated)ConsIntl $ 68,915
Mike Saxenian (unstated)ConsIntl $ 68,765
Marc Paulhus VP HSUS $ 68,657
HELEN JONES President ISAR $ 68,250
PRISCILLA FERAL President FoA $ 68,226 I
John Shepard Acting VP WildSoc $ 65,834
TOP COMMUNICATIONS/PR JOB TP $
65,700
FUNDRAISER, budget <$25 mil AL&A $
67,650
DAVID BERKMAN Exec. Dir. API $ 67,440 C
HOLLY HAZARD Exec. Dir. DDAL $ 66,350
Pamela Stacey Editor Cousteau $ 65,798
Alain Traonquil Logistics Coust. $ 65,483
Katherine Benedict Data Pr.HSUS $ 65,037
CEO, budget $2.5-$5 million AL&A $
64,500
Neill Heath Dev. Dir. Afr.Wild. $ 64,100
Martin Stephens VP HSUS $ 63,206
John Fitzgerald Wldlf.LawDefend. $ 62,714
Edmund Barron Com.Cons.Afr.Wild. $ 62,187
Carter Luke VP MSPCA $ 61,719 E
James Wyerman Dr.Nat.Cons.Defend $ 61,612
Vicki Thorpe Asst. Tr. Sierra $ 61,426
Karen Furestad Asst. Chld. AHA $ 60,208
Paul Savageau CFO AHA $ 60,003
Betty Denny Smith Hllywd. AHA $ 59,509
Patty Finch VP HSUS $ 59,330
Jan Flaherty Consultant NWF $ 58,320
Carol Moulton Asst. Dir. AHA $ 58,470
Ferris Kaplan Mkt. Dir. HSUS $ 58,321
Deborah Salem VP HSUS $ 59,946
William Kropp Secretary NHES $ 58,850
Albert Manville DirSciPolDefend. $ 57,980 J
N. Leader-Willians Pr.ld. AfrWild $ 57,750
Individual Position Group Pay Note
Nancy Crooks VP Finance API $ 57,142
TOP LOBBYIST
C&L $ 56,800
B. Mammato Veterin. ASPCA $ 56,218
George Frampton President WildSoc $ 55,783 K
MARGARET ELDON President AmerAV $ 55,648
Janet Frake Asst. Secty. HSUS $ 55,597
Cynthia Lebrun-Yaffe Lobby NEAVS $ 55,000
John Hazam Consultant ConsIntl $ 54,875
Bob Hillman VP Field Op.API $ 54,746
Deborah Sneison ProgHd. Afr.Wild. $ 54,640
FUNDRAISER, bdgt $10-25 mil AL&A $
54,592
Ben Hayes Dir. Memb. HSUS $ 54,176
TOP EDITOR/PR PERSON C&L $
53,650
Karen Ziffer (unstated) ConsIntl $ 53,195
Marcia Glaser Asst. Secty. HSUS $ 53,118
Scott Anderson Memb/Devel. PETA $ 52,738
Charlene Tyson Treasurer MSPCA $ 52,360
Edward Winnick DVM
NHES $ 52,000
CEO, budget $1-$2.5 million AL&A $
52,000
ANIMAL SHELTER EXEC. DIR. SAWA $
52,000
Judith Golden Humane Ed. MSPCA $ 51,770
Charlene Drennon Reg. Dir. HSUS $ 51,638
Kathryn Porter(unstated) ConsIntl $ 51,516
Barbara DiPietro Asst.Tr.AfrWild $ 50,976
Gaylord Nelson CounselorWildSoc $ 50,000
TOP RESEARCHER
C&L $ 49,600
Robert Ramin Mkt.& Dev. AAZPA $ 49,067
FUNDRAISER, bdget $5-$10 mil AL&A $
47,800
Robert Weise Asst.Dr.Cn. AAZPA $ 47,492
Gordon Haber Biol. Cons. FoA $ 47,191
Richard Lampray Biologist AfrWild $ 46,227
Robert Heinzman Consult. ConsIntl $ 45,446
Grant Thornton Fin. cons. AHA $ 45,443
Sue Murphy Asst. Sec. AHA $ 44,832
Manon Vincelette Consult. ConsInt $ 43,765
Leesteffy Jenkins Consult. HSUS $ 43,749
Deanna Soares VP UAN $ 43,164
Barbara Tugaeff Art Dir . NEAVS $ 42,415
Jeanne Roush Exec. Dir. PETA $ 42,400
MARY JO KOVIC President DefAnRi $ 42,000 L
ELLIOT KATZ President IDA $ 41,500
CEO, bdgt $250,000-$500,000 AL&A $
41,418
CEO, budget >$1 million C&L $ 41,400
Manon Vincelette Consult. ConsInt $ 43,765
Leesteffy Jenkins Consult. HSUS $ 43,749
Deanna Soares VP UAN $ 43,164
Barbara Tugaeff Art Dir . NEAVS $ 42,415
Jeanne Roush Exec. Dir. PETA $ 42,400
MARY JO KOVIC President DefAnRi $ 42,000 L
ELLIOT KATZ President IDA $ 41,500
CEO, bdgt $250,000-$500,000 AL&A $
41,418
CEO, budget >$1 million C&L $ 41,400
DANIEL MORAST President IWC $ 41,172
Stephen Best Consultant IWC $ 41,172
Donna Hart Vice Pres. IWC $ 41,172
Margaret King Dir.Admin. IWC $ 41,172
James Kovic Vice Pres. DefAnRi $ 41,025 L
Betsy Dribben Consultant HSUS $ 40,000
Kathy Strain Dir fur/labs API $ 39,985
David Reinicke Asst. Tr. AHA $ 39,554
Peggy Hilden Staff PCRM $ 39,500
Todd Davis Dir. Finance PETA $ 38,000
Individual Position Group Pay Note
Michael Rodman Personnel PETA $ 37,876
M. Krinsley Veterin. ASPCA $ 37,833
FUNDRAISER, bdgt $2.5-$5 mil AL&A $
37,512
Daniel Moses Proj. Dir.Earth Is $ 37,303
Joanne Harvard Asst.Sec. ASPCA $ 36,896
Debra Winslow Mmbershp. UAN $ 36,624
Earl Dungan Manager NHES $ 36,598 M
Alton Langford Photographer NWF $ 36,550
Douglas Fakkema Tr/ed cons. AHA $ 35,700
Betsy Swart D.C. Dir. FoA $ 35,378
FUNDRAISER, bdgt $1-2.5 mil AL&A $
35,000
Virginia Dungan Vice Pres. NHES $ 34,432 MH
BRADLET MILLER Exec. Dir. HFA $ 34,054 N
Bonnie Miller Admin. Dir. HFA $ 34,054 N
ANIMAL SHELTER ASST. DIR. SAWA $
34,050
Robert Orabona Oper. Dir. FoA $ 33,855 I
Joseph Murray Computers IWC $ 33,600
David Wiley Sr.ScientistIWC $ 32,659
FUNDRAISER, budget >$1 mil. AL&A &
32,550
Donald McNeilly Dir.FinanceNEAVS $ 32,250
Diane Halverson Res. Asst. HFA $ 32,126
Vernon Weir President UAN $ 31,900
Diane Forthman Asst. Secty. FoA $ 31,770
William Hansen Captain IWC $ 31,642
Dot Hayes Staff FoA $ 31,551
Virginia Bramante Memb/PR AHPA $ 31,000
CHIEF HUMANE INVESTIGATOR SAWA $
30,737
Jill Mountjoy Proj. Coord. HFA $ 30,593
Nina Hagen Office Mgr. HFA $ 30,593
Elisabeth Vlk Humane Edu. NHES $ 30,296
David Pribish Controller FoA $ 30,031
These groups paid additional persons more than
$ 3 0 , 0 0 0 : American SPCA (112); American Humane
Association (29); American Zoo & Aquarium Assn. (5);
Conservation International (44); Cousteau Society (25);
Humane Society of the U.S. (40); National Wildlife Federation
(248); Nature Conservancy (615); New York Zoological
Society (329); PETA (7); The Wilderness Society (64); and
The World Wildlife Fund (152). This list is incomplete, as
many groups didn’t answer the question on the Form 990.
Melissa Feldman Dir. Edu. NEAVS $ 29,066
Sandra Larson DissectCoord. NEAVS $ 28,798
ROBIN DUXBURY President ARM! $ 28,500
CEO, budget >$250,000 AL&A $
28,000
PUBLICATIONS COORDINATOR SAWA $
28,000
Cathy Liss Exec. Dir. AWI $ 27,300
Steve Schuldt Systems Mgr. NEAVS $ 27,000
JOHN KNOX Exec. Dir. Earth Is $ 26,732
DAVE PHILLIPS Exec. Dir. Earth Is $ 26,732
Susan Altieri Secty.-Tr. ISAR $ 26,311
Reb. Villarreal Asst.Sec. AfrWild $ 25,730
James Gillespie Exec VP WildSoc $ 25,000
HUMANE EDUCATION COORD. SAWA $
25,000
VOLUNTEER COORDINATOR SAWA $
24,048
BOOKKEEPER SAWA $ 23,400
James Gillespie Exec VP WildSoc $ 25,000
HUMANE EDUCATION COORD. SAWA $
25,000
VOLUNTEER COORDINATOR SAWA $
24,048
BOOKKEEPER
SAWA $ 23,400
SHELTER KENNEL MANAGER SAWA $
21,944
ANIMAL CONTROL OFFICER SAWA $
21,443
HENRY SPIRA President ARI $ 19,800
ANIMAL CONTROL DISPATCHER SAWA $
19,656
Alex Pacheco President PETA $ 19,000
Stephen Tello Secretary Primates $ 18,585 H
ANIMAL HEALTH TECHNICIAN SAWA $
17,576
DATA PROCESSING CLERK SAWA $
17,355
ADOPTION COUNSELOR SAWA $
16,609
KIM STALLWOOD Editor ARN $ 16,417 O
KIM BARTLETT Publisher AP $ 11,275 Q
Merritt Clifton Editor AP $ 11,275 Q
Laurie Hensley Treasur. FrmSanct $ 10,715 H
Holly McNulty Ed.Crdntr FrmSanct $ 8,984 H
LORRI BAUSTON President FrmSanct $ 6,922 RH
Gene Bauston Vice Pres FrmSanct $ 6,922 RH
WALLACE SWETT President Primates $
6,500 H
Sue Leary Secretary Amer. AV $ 2,400 P
James Clark TreasurerAmer. AV $ 2,400 P
Mary Robbins Sec./Tr. ARM! $ 1,857 P
CLEVELAND AMORY President Fund (none)
NEAL BARNARD President PCRM (none)
ANNA BRIGGS President NHES (none) H
KAREN DAVIS President UPC (none) P
Individual Position Group Pay Note
ALEX HERSHAFT President FARM (none)
INGRID NEWKIRK Vice Pres. PETA (none) H
SHIRLEY McGREAL President IPPL (none)
BELTAN MOURAS President UAN (none) P
CHRISTINE STEVENSPres. AWI (none)
ETHYL THURSTONPresidentAFAAR,BWC (none)
PAUL WATSON Captain SeaShepherd (none)
A Russell Train received a lump sum retirement benefit of
$300,000 upon termination as World Wildlife Fund chairman.
B David Ganz resigned as president of the North Shore
Animal League on March 1, 1993; the resignation took effect
on June 6. His 1993 salary figure includes severance. A num-
ber of issues were involved in his departure, of which high
compensation was one. Ganz now works for the HSUS.
C -No longer with this organization.
D John Stevenson’s salary includes $76,383 received for legal
services provided prior to his appointment as president.
E The salaries listed for Gus Thornton and Carter Luke
include all compensation from MSPCA and related charities.
F The salaries listed for Brian Davies and Richard Moore
include all compensation from IFAW and related charities.
G Jean-Michel Cousteaualso received $21,075 from a related
organization, Equipe Cousteau, during 1993.
H -Housing is provided by the organization.
I Priscilla FeralandRobert Orabonaare wife & husband.
J Albert Manville recently left Defenders of Wildlife to
become executive director of the Adirondack Mountain Club.
K George Frampton is on leave while serving as Assistant
Secretary for National Parks and Wildlife.
L Mary Jo andJames Kovic were formerly wife & husband.
M Earl andVirginia Dunganare husband and wife; Dungan
is daughter of NHES president Anna Briggs.
N Bradley andBonnie Millerare husband and wife.
NOTES
1 AAZPA ( n o w
renamed American
Zoos and Aquariums)
is supported by
grants, dues, and
securities income. In
1993 it provided
$333,489 to species
conservation.
2 AFAAR provides
direct funding for
validation of non-ani-
mal research and test-
ing methods. All
adminstrative costs
other than postage
are paid by AFAAR
board members.
3 The American
Humane Association
has two divisions.
Animal Protection
had a 1993 budget of
$2,089,839; Child
Protection had a bud-
get of $1,829,243.
4 Animal Rights
M o b i l i z a t i o n
declared as overhead
some costs that most
groups would have
allocated to pro-
grams. Cash assets
exceed total assets
because ARM! began
the year with a
deficit.
5 The Animal
Rights Networkpub-
lishes The Animals’
Agenda.
6 Defenders of
Animal Rights d e
clared that it did not
include in “program
ervices” any joint
costs from a com-
bined educational
campaign and fund-
raising solicitation.
However, our exami-
nation of DAR mail-
ings suggests that the
entire $91,791 DAR
humane education
budget should proper-
ly be considered a
fundraising expense.
7 Earth Island
Institute told the IRS
that it did not allocate
any joint costs from
combined educational
and fundraising activ-
ity to programs, but
the EII programs bud-
get lists $570,034 for
“special appeals,” and
$38,264 for “direct
mail.”
8 Farm Sanctuary
in its 1993 annual
report claimed it
spent 86% of its rev-
enues on programs.
This reckoning is not
supported by Form
990 data, using either
the IRS or NCIB
accounting standards.
9 IFAW has 14
affiliates, whose
financial affairs are
not included in the
IRS Form 990 for
IFAW itself. Exten-
sive securities and
physical property
including aircraft are
held by various of
these affiliates.
10 IPPL a c t u a l l y
used a stricter stan-
dard for defining the
term “combined edu-
cational campaign
and fundraising solic-
tation” than does the
NCIB, counting the
incidental appeals for
funds in the IPPL
newsletter as such a
solicitation. Thus
many of the combined
costs declared by
IPPL could legiti-
mately be allocated to
programs.
11 Affiliates of the
M S P C A include the
American Fondouk
M a i n t e n a n c e
C o m m i t t e e, with
assets of $3,574,549;
the Mary Mitchell
Humane Fund, with
assets of $3,965,265;
and the A m e r i c a n
Humane Education
S o c i e t y, with assets
of $2,004,266. The
latter had $30,095 in
fundraising costs dur-
ing 1993; the others
did no fundraising.
The MSPCA Form
990 claims it had
eight shelters in 1993;
in fact, since it gave
up the Pittsfield shel-
ter in December 1992,
it has had only seven.
12 As of June 31,
1992, the end of the
fiscal year covered by
the most recent
N A V S Form 990 we
have been able to get
from the IRS, the
organization was
headed by Mary
Margaret Cunniff.
Her husband Kenneth
Cunniff was also on
the payroll. Their
combined salaries and
perquisites came to
$172,000. Mary
Margaret Cunniff suc-
ceeded George Trapp,
her father, as head of
NAVS; Trapp was
paid $30,000 for con-
sulting. Four of the
seven board members
other than Mary
Margaret Cunniff
were related to her
either by blood or by
marriage. The orga-
nizational budget
was about $1.5 mil-
lion, of which up to
47% was apparently
spent in connection
with fund-raising.
13 NHES fundrais-
ing practices are fre-
quently challenged
by other humane
societies. Details
and the NHES res-
ponse appeared in
our July/August and
October 1993 edi-
tions.
14 North Shore
Animal League’ s
International Div-
ision, now called
PetSavers, provided
$6,352,552 to other
humane societies
during fiscal 1993.
1 5 Through an
apparent accounting
error, the W o r l d
Wildlife Fund d i d
not declare any cash
or savings.
16 -AMP appears to
function as a conduit
for directing funds
provided almost
exclusively by U.S.
Surgical Corp. into
anti-animal rights
ads and conferences.
17 AIFis an affili-
ate of the American
Feed Industry Assn.
18 PPF filed as A
Lot of People
Putting People
First.
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